A pilot and aviation expert has said that missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 could have been flying on auto-pilot for hours after it disappeared.
With doubt surrounding exactly when the ACARS system was shut down, it is believed that the pilots may have tried to turn the plane around after a mechanical event or abrupt event.
The pilots then somehow lost consciousness at some point after co-pilot Fariq Abdul Hamid's last radio contact of "alright, good night".
Previously, officials had said they believed with a high degree of certainty that someone on board the plane had deliberately turned off the communications systems, but confusion on the exact timing of that system being disabled has cast doubt on any theories.
Desmond Ross, an Australian commercial pilot and aviation security expert, said an explosion in the fuselage could be one reason to cause the pilots to change course and attempt to return to Kuala Lumpur, Fairfax reported.
“The pilots quickly recognise the need to descend,” Captain Ross said.
“One of them starts to reprogram the flight management system and sets a low attitude and starts to reset the heading to turn back to Kuala Lumpur…however he passes out before completing the entries into the computer for the new heading.
“The aircraft climbs out of control due to the explosion on board and then stalls at somewhere between the cruising height and 45,000 feet.
“It falls out of control to the height the pilot had set into the flight management system but does not complete the turn back to Kuala Lumpur because the pilot had only partly entered the numbers... it flies off on an unknown path."
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Fairfax reported that captain Ross stressed he was not involved in the search for the missing Malaysian Airlines craft.
“I have a strong feeling that the flight management system was keeping the plane stable and level but that the heading was knocked out and the aircraft was essentially flying on erratic headings,” he said.
“The apparently large changes in altitude also lead me to think that it was essentially out of control at that point but that the flight management system managed, somehow, to bring it level and stable at some point.”
China clears passengers
Intelligence checks on 153 Chinese passengers on a missing Malaysian airliner produced no red flags, China said Tuesday, as Malaysia marshalled ships and planes from 26 countries to search an area the size of Australia.
Eleven days after contact was lost with Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 and its 239 passengers and crew, there has been minimal progress in determining precisely what happened or where the plane ended up.
Lending fresh weight to the belief that the plane was deliberately diverted, the New York Times reported that the first turn it made off its flight path was programmed into the Boeing 777's computer navigation system, probably by someone in the cockpit.
Rather than manually operating the plane's controls, whoever altered Flight 370's path typed seven or eight keystrokes into a computer situated between the captain and the co-pilot, the newspaper said, quoting US officials.
The head of Malaysia Airlines, Ahmad Jauhari Yahya, said he was unable to confirm the report.
"The aircraft was programmed to fly to Beijing ... (but) once you are in the aircraft, anything is possible," he told a daily press briefing.
Two thirds of those on board were Chinese, and Malaysia had asked authorities in Beijing to run an exhaustive background check on all their nationals as part of a probe into everyone aboard.
Particular attention was paid to a passenger from China's Muslim ethnic Uighur minority.
On Tuesday China's ambassador to Malaysia Huang Huikang said no evidence had been found that would link anyone to a possible hijacking or terrorist attack on the jet.
The current search area, which was only properly identified after a week of fruitlessly scouring the South China Sea, is enormous -- stretching from the depths of the Indian Ocean, up and over the Himalayas and into central Asia.
Transport Minister Hishammuddin Hussein said it covered a total of 2.24 million square nautical miles (7.7 million square kilometres) -- slightly larger than Australia.
China's state media has been vocally critical of Malaysia's handling of the investigation, saying valuable time and resources were wasted in the hours and days immediately after the aircraft disappeared on March 8.
Desperate relatives of the Chinese passengers threatened to go on hunger strike Tuesday, demanding that Malaysia's ambassador brief them in person.
Malaysian officials insist they are investigating all the passengers and crew, but for the moment the focus is clearly on the two pilots -- Captain Zaharie Ahmad Shah and First Officer Fariq Abdul Hamid.
On Monday Ahmad Jauhari revealed that the last recorded words from the cockpit -- "All right, good night" -- were almost certainly spoken by the co-pilot, Fariq.
The identity was deemed important given that the final message came around the time the plane's two automated signalling systems were disabled and it veered off course just as it was being handed over from Malaysian to Vietnamese air traffic control.
Despite some confusion about when the systems were switched off, Hishammuddin stressed that investigators still believe the series of events were consistent with "deliberate action" by someone on the plane.
The nonchalant style of the verbal sign-off had been queried in some quarters, but a Boeing 777 pilot told AFP it was "completely normal" for a pilot leaving his domestic air space.
Police have searched both pilots' homes and are examining a flight simulator that Captain Zaharie, 53, had assembled at his home.
Malaysian media reported that Zaharie was distantly related to the daughter-in-law of opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim, as well as being a member of his political party.
Anwar said Tuesday he was "disgusted" by the suggestion the plane may have been sabotaged as an act of revenge hours after he was convicted on a sodomy charge widely seen as politically motivated.
Hishammuddin said the search for the missing aircraft should remain "above politics".
No idea of location
Twenty-six countries are now involved in that search in a northern corridor over south and central Asia, and a southern corridor stretching deep into the southern Indian Ocean towards Australia.
A French expert who took part in the search for Air France Flight 447, which crashed in the Atlantic in 2009, said finding the Malaysian plane was a much tougher proposition.
"Here we simply have no idea of the location of the aircraft, because there were no ACARS signals," said Jean-Paul Troadec, a special adviser with France's civil aviation accident investigation agency.
Malaysia has deployed its navy and air force to the southern corridor, where Australia is taking the lead in scouring a huge section of ocean off its west coast.
"It will take at least a few weeks to search the area thoroughly," said John Young of the Australian Maritime Safety Authority.
Chinese state media reported late Tuesday that China was expanding its search efforts to waters southeast of the Bay of Bengal and west of Indonesia.
Xinhua said nine of its vessels would be involved and would focus on seas near Sumatra, an island in western Indonesia.
The US Pacific Fleet withdrew a guided missile destroyer, saying the area was simply too big for such a vessel to make an effective contribution.
"The Indian Ocean goes so far, there probably aren't enough ships and aircraft in the world to search every inch of it," Fleet spokesman Commander William Marks told CNN.