Why Victoria is seeing a surge in virus cases after two months

Australia's top medical adviser on the coronavirus pandemic says there's a "lot of luck" involved in the caseload when comparing Victoria and NSW.

Victoria's active cases have more than doubled in a week, with 16 new infections on Monday taking the total to 125.

By contrast, active cases in NSW have jumped by 22 in the past week, but fallen or remained at zero in every other state.

People enjoy Melbourne's Botanical Gardens as restrictions were eased last month. Source: Getty Images

Victoria's case numbers are now the highest they've been in more than two months after six days of double-digit growth.

The spike caused the West Australian government to shelve a plan to open its borders in August and sparked a warning by NSW against visiting Melbourne.

Asked about the figures, Chief Medical Officer Brendan Murphy told reporters on Monday: "I think there is a lot of luck in this."

Chief Medical Officer Brendan Murphy said he believes there's 'a lot' of luck involved on controlling the virus. Source: Getty Images (file pic)

He said NSW had been better at bringing community transmission under control by using measures such as pop-up clinics in hotspots.

But he said he did not see any reason why Victoria's cases should force other states to change their plans.

South Australia will send a team of experts to Victoria on Tuesday to help with contact tracing, spending three weeks helping health officials.

WA Premier Mark McGowan has declined to put a date on when the state's borders will reopen, but internal coronavirus restrictions will be removed by July 18.

Meanwhile, the first results from the clinical trials of several different candidate vaccines should be known by late July.

Victoria has seen a surge in COVID-19 cases in the past week. Source: Getty Images

Professor Murphy said the government was examining Australia's capacity to manufacture vaccines if a working one is found.

Volunteers are being recruited for a possible COVID-19 vaccine trial in Adelaide.

Researchers at the Royal Adelaide Hospital are looking for about 100 healthy adults for the trial, which may be conducted later this year.

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