An eight-year-old girl broke her own arm to get respite from sexual abuse by the man the state of NSW had approved to care for her.
A five-year-old who was late for dinner because she was washing her body after being raped by the same man was then flogged with a strap.
These are the stories unfolding at a royal commission hearing into child sexual abuse at a state-funded foster home for Aboriginal children in Brewarrina in remote NSW.
The abuse happened from 1969 to 1989 at Bethcar, a home run by Burt and Edith Gordon and their son-in-law Colin Gibson for up to 24 children, aged two to 15.
Burt Gordon and Gibson sexually abused the children, while Edith was responsible for many physical beatings.
The five-year-old girl, given the pseudonym AIQ at the inquiry, was raped several times by Gibson, who was jailed in 2007 on two separate sentences of 12 years and 18 years for sexual offences against a number of children.
Gordon was never charged and has since died, while it is unclear what happened to his wife.
The Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse heard on Wednesday that children who went to police and NSW welfare officers in the early 1980s with allegations of abuse were returned to Bethcar, where they were beaten.
Kathleen Biles told how she was raped by Burt Gordon when he put her on his lap to teach her how to drive. She was about two when she and her brother Douglas were sent to Bethcar.
Thirteen former residents including Kathleen and Douglas Biles came forward in 2008 to sue the state.
The Crown Solicitor's Office (CSO) employed solicitor Evangelos Manollaras and junior counsel Patrick Saidi to represent NSW and the plaintiffs were represented by the Women's Legal Centre - a state-funded, not-for-profit legal community centre.
The commission was told the state resisted accepting liability and for four years denied abuse had happened - even after Gibson was jailed.
Counsel assisting the commission, David Lloyd, said Mr Manollaras at one stage wrote "in fact, I'm having some difficulty in having understanding how a jury convicted Gibson".
There were years of delay and hard-ball legal tactics.
Mr Lloyd said that when the plaintiffs requested an acknowledgment and a modest amount of money, Mr Manollaras expressed the view that: "Firstly, I don't ever recall the state apologising for anything. Secondly, as to the sexual assaults, I have a very strong doubt that anything occurred at all in most cases."
There was also an attempt by the state to have the case struck out because the statute of limitations had passed.
A settlement was reached in December 2013. Each victim was given $107,142 and a formal apology was read in April 2014.
Ms Biles said her brother suffered all his life as a result of the abuse and died before the settlement.
It cost the state almost $2 million to fight the case and pay costs.
Witnesses from the Department of Family and Community Services and the CSO will give evidence when the hearing resumes on Thursday.