President Donald Trump has pardoned 73 people and commuted the sentences of 70 more on his last day in office, but there have been a number of notable absentees from his list.
Trump pardoned former chief strategist Steve Bannon as part of a late flurry of clemency action benefiting nearly 150 people, including rap stars and former members of Congress.
The pardons and commutations for 143 people, including Bannon, were announced after midnight on Wednesday (local time) in the final hours of Trump’s White House term.
But while the list could be regarded by some as controversial, much like Trump’s presidency, the record of pardons also raised eyebrows by who wasn’t on it.
Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner
Ivanka Trump, along with other members of the extended Trump family, were not granted pardons.
Married to Trump’s daughter Ivanka, Jared Kushner was not pardoned either. His dad Charles has already been pardoned by his father-in-law.
The younger Kushner hasn’t been charged with an offence and neither has Ivanka.
However, there are concerns extended members of the Trump family could face charges after the president leaves the White House.
Ivanka and her husband were reportedly part of the decision-making process on who made the pardon list.
Joe Exotic aka The Tiger King
Joseph Maldonado-Passage, also known as Joe Exotic as he featured in the Netflix series Tiger King, reportedly expected a pardon.
In the hours before Trump’s announcement, a limousine was pictured outside Fort Worth Prison where the former zookeeper is currently incarcerated.
Exotic is currently serving 22 years for animal abuse and murder for hire.
The former owner of the Great Wynnewood Exotic Animal Park in the US was jailed after hiring a hitman to murder Carole Baskin, the CEO of Big Cat Rescue, who was campaigning to have the zoo shut down over animal cruelty fears.
Rudy Giuliani was front and centre as Trump cried foul unproven allegations of electoral fraud after losing the election to Joe Biden.
Giuliani, who made headlines for a number of reasons in the days following the election, could be in hot water for the allegations he made about electoral fraud and for allegations of inciting violence.
A former GOP House member told The Guardian last week “there is no doubt” Giuliani was seeking a pardon.
“He’s publicly grovelling at the feet of Donald Trump … and licking his boots,” the source told the publication.
He has not been charged with an offence at this stage.
Julian Assange, the WikiLeaks founder, was not pardoned despite ongoing campaigns for his release.
The US Justice Department in 2019 asked Britain to extradite Assange to the United States to face charges that he conspired to hack US government computers and violated an espionage law.
A British judge ruled two weeks ago Assange should not be extradited to the United States, saying his mental health problems meant he would be at risk of suicide.
Trump told the New York Times last year he was considering pardoning whistleblower Edward Snowden.
Snowden was a National Security Agency contract employee when he took documents and leaked them to journalists who revealed massive domestic surveillance programs begun in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks.
The programs collected the telephone metadata records of millions of Americans and examined emails from overseas. Snowden fled to Hong Kong, then Russia, to avoid prosecution.
Trump’s decision over whether to pardon Snowden reportedly led to a number of disagreements among his closest allies including those in the Republican party.
Trump is facing a number of charges on federal and state level after he leaves the oval office.
There are also allegations of tax evasion which have stuck to Trump since he was elected in 2016.
But many reports from the US claim Trump decided not to pardon himself as it would be an admission of guilt and he believes himself to be free of any wrongdoing.
Trump also might be unable to legally pardon himself given he’s facing impeachment for allegations of inciting violence outside the US Capitol building on January 6.
with The Associated Press
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