Scott Morrison believes tracking Australians' locations through mobile phones may be crucial to saving lives during the coronavirus pandemic.
But the prime minister insists the federal government will carefully work through privacy issues before an opt-in app is launched in the coming weeks.
TraceTogether uses Bluetooth to plot people who had spent 15 minutes or more in close proximity to a person with coronavirus.
They then share the records with authorities when asked to be part of a tracing investigation.
Mr Morrison said using location information may be necessary to save lives and livelihoods.
"If that tool is going to help them do that, then this may be one of the sacrifices we have to make," he told 6PR radio on Wednesday.
The prime minister said the app would be a more efficient way of contact tracing coronavirus cases.
"What would happen then is the health authorities, who are the only ones who'd have access to that data, would contact those people just like they do now," he said.
He said the digital information would prevent a reliance on people's memories.
"At the end of the day (that) would mean we'd save lives and save more livelihoods," Mr Morrison said.
Singapore, where about 20 per cent of people have signed up to the app, has provided coding information to Australia for development.
Australian health authorities estimate a 40 per cent take-up rate would be needed for the scheme to be efficient.
‘An appalling way to start’
Attorney-General Christian Porter has been tasked with investigating privacy issues surrounding TraceTogether.
But Digital Rights Watch chair Lizzie O'Shea said people should be concerned about a location-tracking app with no guarantees about how data would be used.
"No public trust means people will hesitate to install the app, and not-very-subtly coercing people by saying restrictions could ease if surveillance increases is an appalling way to start," she said.
Ms O'Shea said assurances the attorney-general would look at privacy issues were not enough.
"Everything about this needs to be transparent. The code must be independently audited," she said.
"There needs to be a clear benchmark for when data will no longer be collected and the app deactivated."
Communications Minister Paul Fletcher said the app would only proceed if the government was satisfied with privacy safeguards.
Deputy chief medical officer Nick Coatsworth said it would enhance case detection and interrupt transmission chains.
"With any sort of infectious disease, that's our fundamental weapon at the moment in the absence of a vaccine," he told reporters in Canberra.
He said privacy needed to be carefully considered, but labelled it a potentially important tool in the fight against coronavirus.
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