Mad Max: Director George Miller on tech limitations, the origin of the franchise and the future of film

Director George Miller says the Mad Max film franchise that exists today was borne out of limitations.

Originally an emergency room doctor, the Australian director transitioned into film and created the story of a world where limitation is a central theme and abundance a dream.

The Australian director made his first Mad Max film in 1978 with a crew of 35 and a fresh-faced Mel Gibson as the lead.

He says it was filmed on a discarded camera lens from a Steve McQueen film, and the lack of resources to create the project ended up working in his favour.

He tells Sky News: "The first Mad Max was definitely borne out of limitations. It ultimately turned out to be very key to it."

The 79-year-old says the original story was written as a "contemporary story set in the city of Melbourne," but financial limitations spawned the idea of it being set in a "dystopian future".

"We couldn't afford to have car chases in the middle of the street," he says. "We couldn't afford [to have] the extra cars or put stuntmen in those cars. We couldn't have extras in the street, trams or busses and we couldn't use the buildings so we decided to set it a few years in the future."

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Miller says they decided to instead focus on what they could use and thus the Mad Max franchise we know today was created.

"We could shoot in backstreets, where there were no extras and no cars, or shoot in really old, decrepit buildings where the people wouldn't ask you for rent. And that led to the film becoming more allegorical.

"Had we not done that? I don't think we'd be still doing it."

Burnt land and no speed limits

Miller is a cinephile at heart and for Mad Max, he had a vision - for it to be shot on a "big anamorphic widescreen".

He previously credited his childhood in rural Queensland and the over-powering car culture there as the influences for Mad Max.

At the time, the area consisted of completely flat roads, burnt land and no speed limits - the results of which Miller witnessed as an emergency room doctor at the age of 26.

"We couldn't afford the cameras, or the lenses, but there was a set of lenses in Australia at the time, in one particular place that had been dumped out of Hollywood from the movie that Sam Peckinpah shot called The Getaway with Steve McQueen and Ali MacGraw".

All but one of these lenses was "wrecked".

He says: "The rental house virtually gave it to us for nothing. There was one lens called the 35mm lens, and we used that and it allowed us to get much more dynamics in the shot".

Why are moments in the Mad Max franchise sped up?

Inspired by the silent film era, Miller's aim was to create "pure cinema" and make "'a silent film with sound".

To achieve the aesthetic he craved, he played around with frame rates.

In film, video is essentially a number of images (frames) captured sequentially to make the image move. Movies display 24 frames per second.

Miller says his plan was to shoot everything at high speed but, because of financial restraints, could not use speed ramps as it would cost the equivalent of a day of filming.

When he started to edit Mad Max he noticed "something was too slow" and to achieve the look he desired, began removing frames from the sequence.

"It looks a little bit like the old silent movies and sped up. By the time I got to Mad Max two, we would shoot at 20 frames or 18 frames. And so, I started to do a lot of that."

Reflecting on Furiosa: A Mad Max Saga, he says: "Nowadays digitally I shoot most things at 48 frames because you can ramp it up and down from 48 frames, provided you've got the resolution, you can do so much more with that."

The film Mad Max was released in 1979 and put Mel Gibson on the road to stardom.

Oddly, at that time the film distributor in the US, American International Pictures, opted to dub the strong Australian accents used by the actors for fears that they would not be understood by American audiences.

A far cry from misunderstanding the Australian accent, the country's actors have become some of the most well-known faces in Hollywood nowadays.

Furiosa: A Mad Max Saga

Miller's latest release, Furiosa: A Mad Max Saga serves as a prequel to Mad Max: Fury Road.

It was written before the Tom Hardy film began in production in order to "fully understand" the characters on screen.

It stars Anya Taylor-Joy as Imperator Furiosa and Chris Hemsworth as Dementus.

Miller says it feels good for the prequel to finally be in cinemas.

"We had a magnificent cast and crew who gave their very best. We tried to get the best story we could have on the screen using all the tools we have and hopefully it means something significant to people."

Miller on the future of film

The Australian director decided against using de-ageing technology for the role of Furiosa and instead cast Anya Taylor-Joy to play the character first depicted by Charlize Theron.

It is not that he is against using AI technology in fact, Taylor-Joy recently revealed they used software to mix her face with that of the child actor, Alyla Browne, for her scenes.

Miller says the beauty of cinema is that it constantly changes.

"From the very beginning of cinema, which is 130 years old, there's always change. The silent era and sound. Then there was Technicolor, then there was the digital dispensation in the early 90s. Once that's come along, things have changed so rapidly even since then."

Always attracted to the tech behind the scenes, Miller cites the digital ability to make Sheep-Pig talk in Babe or Mumble tap dance in Happy Feet as game-changing moments for him.

"By the time we got to do Fury Road, I realiSed, 'Oh my God, we could do things that we never dreamed of doing back in the celluloid days'.

"Technology will keep changing and advancing… I don't think we should limit ourselves if the tools are available. It's always been the case, and cinema has to adjust."

Furiosa: A Mad Max Saga is in cinemas now