World way off track on emissions reduction

EMISSIONS TRENDS

* There's no sign of the carbon emission drop urgently needed to address climate change

* Global carbon emissions remain at record levels with no peak in sight

* CO2 emissions from fossil fuels are up one per cent up on last year

* If emissions levels stay as they are, there's a 50 per cent chance warming will exceed 1.5C in nine years

OIL AND COAL ON THE RISE

* The rise is largely due to higher oil use as aviation recovers post-pandemic

* Coal is also up but natural gas is down due to supply issues

* Coal accounts for 41 per cent of global emissions, oil 33 per cent, gas 22 per cent, and cement production makes up the rest

* Renewable energy continues to grow but must accelerate to replace fossil fuel power

EMISSIONS OUT

* Emissions are down in China and the EU but up in the US, India and the rest of the world combined

* China, responsible for a third of global emissions, will be down by almost one per cent due to ongoing lockdowns and constrained economic growth

* The EU, responsible for eight per cent of global emissions, will be down by close to one per cent, largely due to gas supply issues linked to Russia's invasion of Ukraine

* The US, responsible for 14 per cent of global emissions, will be up 1.5 per cent

* India, responsible for eight per cent of global emissions, will be up 6 per cent, mostly from increased coal use

* The rest of the world, including international aviation and shipping, accounts for 42 per cent of global emissions. A rise of 1.7 per cent is expected due to higher coal and oil use and cement production

* The atmospheric CO2 level is expected to average 417.2 parts per million this year, up 51 per cent on pre-industrial levels

EMISSIONS IN

* Land and ocean ecosystems have taken up 53 per cent of carbon emissions emitted globally over the past decade

* But they are increasingly less able to do so

* Climate change has reduced ocean CO2 uptake by an estimated 4 per cent, and land uptake by 17 per cent over the past decade

* Carbon emissions from land-use change, such as forest destruction, is down slightly over the last 20 years

Source: Global Carbon Project