Wall St ends higher amid relief over Fed

US stocks have ended solidly higher, led by a one per cent gain in the Nasdaq, on relief that Federal Reserve chair Jerome Powell refrained in a speech from commenting on rate policy.

In his first public appearance of the year, Powell said at a forum sponsored by the Swedish central bank that the Fed's independence is essential for it to battle inflation.

Recent comments by other Fed officials have supported the view that the central bank needs to remain aggressive in raising interest rates to control inflation. Fed Governor Michelle Bowman said on Tuesday the bank will have to raise interest rates further to combat high inflation.

"Everybody hangs on every word from the Fed," said Tim Ghriskey, senior portfolio strategist at Ingalls & Snyder in New York. Powell "didn't really say anything" about policy, he added.

Investors anxiously awaited the US consumer prices index report on Thursday, which is expected to show some moderation in year-on-year prices in December.

Traders are betting on a 25-basis point rate hike at the Fed's upcoming policy meeting in February.

"There are some indications that inflation is slowing significantly. What investors are really looking for is a gap down in major inflation data that could probably get the Fed's attention," Ghriskey said.

Amazon.com Inc. shares rose 2.9 per cent on Tuesday and gave the Nasdaq and S&P 500 their biggest boosts.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 186.45 points, or 0.56 per cent, to 33,704.1; the S&P 500 gained 27.16 points, or 0.70 per cent, at 3,919.25; and the Nasdaq Composite added 106.98 points, or 1.01 per cent, at 10,742.63.

Shares of Microsoft Corp rose 0.8 per cent, a day after Semafor, citing people familiar with the matter, reported that the tech company was in talks to invest $US10 billion in ChatGPT-owner OpenAI.

Communications services was the day's best-performing sector, while energy rose along with oil prices.

This week marks the start of the fourth-quarter earnings season for S&P 500 companies, with results from several of Wall Street's biggest banks due later this week.

Shares of investment bank Jefferies Financial Group rose 3.8 per cent on Tuesday, a day after it posted its second-best year for investment banking revenue. It also reported a 52.5 per cent slump in fourth-quarter profit.

Analysts expect overall S&P 500 earnings to have declined 2.2 per cent in the fourth quarter from a year ago, according to IBES data from Refinitiv, as worries about rising rates and the economy mounted.

Some investors are hoping for signs that the Fed may soon take a break after raising the federal funds rate seven times in 2022.

The World Bank on Tuesday slashed its 2023 growth forecasts on Tuesday to levels teetering on the brink of recession for many countries as the impact of central bank rate hikes intensifies.