Victoria is using its rivalry with NSW to argue for a greater slice of the federal infrastructure pie.
When federal Treasurer Scott Morrison hands down his budget on Tuesday, his Victorian Labor counterpart wants Canberra to balance the scales.
"Victoria will be looking for a bigger share of funding when it comes to infrastructure," Treasurer Tim Pallas told AAP.
"While NSW receives 45 per cent of that funding, Victoria still only receives about 19 per cent, despite making up more than 25 per cent of the population."
Victoria felt some Commonwealth love in April when Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull visited Melbourne to announce up to $5 billion for a rail line from the CBD to the airport, as long as the state pitched in too.
The state government is waiting for the outcome of a business case before committing to the rail plan.
In its May 1 budget, the Victorian government showed it is sick of waiting for the feds to contribute money on some fronts, and will instead splash some of its own cash reaped from growing tax revenue.
After years of waiting to see if Canberra would come on board, the state will go it alone and put $396 million into Australia's first dedicated heart hospital.
The state has also allocated $110 million in its latest budget towards planning and designing a 26km North East Link road, which has a total projected cost of $16.5 billion.
Mr Pallas said he would welcome federal funding for the road.
Ahead of a November 24 election, Victorians will await budget sweeteners from the federal coalition that could assist their state colleagues.