Victoria has become the final Australian state to introduce a spent convictions scheme.
The Spent Convictions Bill 2020 passed the Legislative Council 25 votes to 14 on Thursday afternoon.
From December 1, eligible minor convictions will become "spent" and no longer show on a police check after 10 years, or five years for a juvenile conviction, if the person does not re-offend during that time.
The scheme is designed to reduce the damaging effect old criminal records can have on people looking for employment, as well as when they try to secure housing or apply for volunteer work.
Minor convictions particularly impact people who are disproportionately represented in the criminal justice system, including Aboriginal Victorians and young people.
"The bill ... gives rehabilitated offenders opportunities to make a fresh start, to move on from their past and never return to those ways," Victorian Attorney-General Jaclyn Symes told parliament.
"In drafting the bill, we've got the balance right between being cautious about risk and rehabilitation whilst giving ex-offenders appropriate chances to turn their life around."
Ms Symes said the new laws don't "wipe clean" an offenders' conviction once it becomes spent.
However, she confirmed a 14-year-old who commits murder would be eligible to be elected to parliament after serving their sentence.
Victoria was the only state or territory in Australia that didn't have a spent convictions scheme, with Victoria Police able to use their own discretion regarding whether to disclose convictions.
Police and courts will continue to have full access to criminal history information and complete records will still be released when required for certain employers and third parties.
The government moved on the reform following a parliamentary inquiry into spent convictions, headed by Reason MP Fiona Patten.
Although she wanted the scheme to go further, Ms Patten said it will change people's lives.
"There may be parts of this bill that you don't agree with," she told parliament.
"However, overall this bill is important. This bill is a missing part of our justice system.
"This is the bill that tells people they can be rehabilitated, that a sentence is not a life sentence."
Shadow Attorney-General Edward O'Donohue backed a spent convictions regime but pushed for amendments, including the removal of measures allowing convictions for those under 15 to be automatically spent.
The opposition's amendments, along with another introduced by Victorian Greens Leader Samantha Ratnam, were voted down.