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The United Nations is hosting a high-level donors conference to drum up emergency funds for Afghanistan after last month's Taliban takeover of the country that stunned the world.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres was leading the world body's call for more than $US600 million ($A815 million) for the rest of this year in a "flash appeal" for Afghans after their country's government was toppled by the Taliban and US and NATO forces exited the 20-year war in a chaotic departure.
There are concerns that instability and upended humanitarian efforts, compounded by an ongoing drought, could further endanger lives and plunge Afghanistan toward famine.
The conference on Monday will put to the test some Western governments and other big traditional UN donors who want to help everyday Afghans without handing a public relations victory or cash to the Taliban, who ousted the internationally backed government in a lightning sweep.
The UN says "recent developments" have increased the vulnerability of Afghans who have already been facing decades of deprivation and violence. A severe drought is jeopardising the upcoming harvest, and hunger has been rising. The UN's World Food Program is to be a major beneficiary of any funds collected during Monday's conference.
Along with its partners, the UN is seeking $US606 million for the rest of the year to help 11 million people.
Coinciding with Monday's conference in Geneva, the head of the UN refugee agency, Filippo Grandi, made a previously unannounced visit to Kabul. He wrote on Twitter that he would assess humanitarian needs and the situation of 3.5 million displaced Afghans - including over 500,000 who have been displaced this year alone.
Officials at UNHCR have expressed concerns that some people could try to seek refuge in what have been traditional havens for fleeing Afghans in neighbouring Pakistan and Iran, which both have large populations of Afghans who had fled their country earlier to escape war and violence.
The Taliban seized power on August 15, the day they overran Kabul after capturing outlying provinces in the blitz campaign. They initially promised inclusiveness and a general amnesty for former opponents, but many Afghans remain deeply fearful of the new rulers. Taliban police officials have beaten Afghan journalists, violently dispersed women's protests and formed an all-male government despite saying initially they would invite broader representation.