HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
1663 - Turks declare war against Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I.
1775 - Paul Revere rides from Charlestown to Lexington to warn the Massachusetts colonists of the arrival of British troops at the start of the War of American Independence.
1831 - Publication starts of The Sydney Herald (later The Sydney Morning Herald), Australia's oldest still-existing newspaper.
1906 - A giant earthquake strikes San Francisco. The quake and resulting fires devastate the city, leaving more than 1000 dead and 200,000 people homeless.
1909 - 15th-century French heroine Joan of Arc is beatified at a ceremony at the Vatican.
1912 - Turkey announces closure of Dardanelles Straits to shipping.
1934 - The first laundromat, the Washeteria, is opened at Fort Worth, Texas, by JF Cantrell.
1955 - German-born physicist Albert Einstein dies in Princeton, New Jersey, aged 76.
1962 - West Indies Federation is terminated.
1968 - London Bridge is sold to American Robert McCullough for STG1 million. It was later re-erected in Arizona.
1974 - Washington District Court conducting the Watergate proceedings issues a subpoena on President Richard Nixon to produce tape recordings and other material demanded by the Special Prosecutor.
1976 - About 40,000 Israelis march into occupied West Bank area of Jordan, demanding that Israel annex the territory.
1978 - US Senate votes 68-32 to turn the Panama Canal over to Panamanian control on December 31, 1999.
1979 - A Los Angeles judge awards "palimony" as compensation for the ending of a de facto relationship.
1980 - Former Rhodesia becomes independent Zimbabwe.
1982 - The name of the capital of Zimbabwe is changed from Salisbury to Harare.
1983 - Suicide bomb attack kills 62 at the US Embassy in Beirut.
1988 - US Navy destroys two offshore Iranian oil platforms and bombs two Iranian Navy frigates in retaliation for mine explosion that damaged US frigate.
1995 - The United Nations calls in NATO jets to quiet a battle in the suburbs of Sarajevo that threatens to spiral out of control.
1996 - More than 100 Lebanese refugees are killed when Israeli artillery shells rip into a crowded UN peacekeepers base where they are sheltering.
1998 - The first official talks in four years between North and South Korea end with the two sides unable to resolve a dispute over aid to the starving North and reuniting families.
2000 - Robert L Yates Jr is arrested in Spokane, Washington, and charged with murdering a teenage prostitute. (Yates later confessed to killing 13 people, and was sentenced to 408 years in prison.)
2001 - US and Chinese diplomats begin talks over the April 1 collision of a US spy plane and Chinese fighter jet.
2002 - Afghanistan's former king, Mohammad Zaher Shah, returns to his country after 29 years in exile.
2005 - An Italian court orders four people to stand trial for the murder of Roberto Calvi, decades after the financier with ties to the Vatican was found hanging from a London bridge, his suit pockets stuffed with rocks and bank notes.
2006 - Rioting in Honiara after Snyder Rini elected Solomons PM. Australia sends almost 400 troops in the days and weeks following the violence.
2012 - Photos showing US soldiers urinating on the remains of rebels in Afghanistan cause a new upsurge in violence there.
2014 - An avalanche sweeps down a climbing route on Mount Everest, killing at least 12 Nepalese guides and leaving four missing in the deadliest disaster on the world's highest peak.
2015 - Five teenagers are arrested in pre-dawn raids in Melbourne, with police alleging two were planning a terror attack on Anzac Day events; A motorcycle-riding suicide bomber attacks people queuing outside a bank in eastern Afghanistan, killing at least 35 and wounding 125. The country's president blames Islamic State.
2016 - Johnny Depp and Amber Heard apologise for smuggling their dogs Boo and Pistol into Australia.
2017 - British Prime Minister Theresa May has called an early election on June 8, saying it was the only way to guarantee political stability for years ahead.
Franz von Suppe, Austrian composer (1819-1895); Leopold Stokowski, English conductor (1882-1977); Jessie Street, Australian women's rights campaigner (1889-1970); Barbara Hale, US actor (1922-); Hayley Mills, British actor (1946-); Melody Thomas Scott, US actor of The Young And The Restless fame (1956-); Eric Roberts, US actor (1956-); Jane Leeves, British actor (1961-); Conan O'Brien, US talk show host (1963-); Melissa Joan Hart, US actor (1976-); America Ferrera, US actor (1984-); Rosie Huntington-Whiteley, British model and actor (1987-); Jessica Gomes, Australian model (1985-); Samantha Jade, Australian singer (1987-).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY
Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power. - Abraham Lincoln, former US president (1809-1865)