Today in History, May 23

By AAP and agencies
2017 - A suicide bomber kills 22 people and injures 116 at Manchester Arena

Highlights in history on this date:

1430 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians, who sell her to the English.

1498 - Girolamo Savonarola, Italian religious and political reformer, is hanged and burnt at the stake.

1533 - Marriage of England's King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.

1568 - William of Orange defeats Spanish force at Ehilgerlee in Holland, marking start of Revolt of the Netherlands.

1618 - The Defenestration of Prague, a Bohemian revolt against the Habsburg Emperor, takes place and begins the Thirty Years War.

1701 - Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and murder.

1785 - In a letter to a friend, Benjamin Franklin reveals his invention of spectacles of two thicknesses, the first bi-focals.

1797 - During a financial crisis, a cartoon by James Gilray appears depicting the Bank of England as a haggard old woman, generally thought to be the origin of its nickname The Old Lady of Threadneedle Street.

1868 - Kit Carson, American frontiersman and soldier who contributed greatly to the westward expansion of the US, dies.

1873 - Canada's Mounties - then called the North West Mounted Police - is established.

1883 - Adelaide Zoo is established.

1901 - Gaetano Brecci, assassin of King Umberto of Italy, commits suicide.

1915 - Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary in World War I.

1920 - The Communist Party of Indonesia is formed, the first such leftist organisation to be set up in Asia outside the former Russian empire.

1926 - Lebanon is proclaimed a republic by France.

1934 - US outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are killed in a police ambush in Louisiana.

1937 - John D Rockefeller, US multimillionaire and founder of the Standard Oil Company, dies.

1939 - Britain's Parliament approves plan for independent Palestine by 1949, which later is denounced by Jews and Arabs in Palestine.

1944 - British and US forces launch a massive offensive from the beach-head at Anzio, Italy.

1945 - Nazi SS Chief Heinrich Himmler commits suicide while imprisoned in Luneburg, Germany.

1960 - Adolf Eichmann, Nazi leader wanted for war atrocities, is found and captured by Israeli agents in Argentina.

1969 - Death toll in Malaysia rioting exceeds 500, with 90 per cent of casualties Chinese.

1971 - An earthquake destroys town of Bingol in eastern Turkey, killing 1,000 people.

1992 - Judge Giovanni Falcone, a top Italian anti-Mafia prosecutor, is assassinated. A one-tonne bomb explodes as his three-car motorcade passes.

1993 - More than 1.5 million Cambodians ignore Khmer Rouge threats and vote in the country's first free elections in more than two decades.

1996 - A North Korean pilot flies his MiG-19 jet across the world's most heavily guarded border and defects to South Korea.

2002 - A heat wave strikes India and kills 1,030 people, mainly in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh. Temperatures reached a record 51 degrees celsius.

2007 - A 60-year-old woman gives birth to a pair of boys in New Jersey. Hospital officials believe Frieda Birnbaum is the oldest woman to give birth to twins in the United States.

2008 - The government of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez accuses almost 400 opposition candidates of crimes and declares them ineligible to run for office in November while they're under investigation.

2009 - Former South Korean President Roh Moo-hyun, 62, leaps to his death amid a widening corruption scandal.

2011 - A dense ash cloud from an Icelandic volcano blows toward Scotland, causing airlines to cancel flights.

2014 - President Vladimir Putin pledges that Russia will respect the results of Ukraine's presidential election, a strong indication the Kremlin wants to cool down the crisis.

2015 - John Forbes Nash Jr, 86, a mathematical genius whose struggle with schizophrenia was chronicled in the movie A Beautiful Mind dies in a car crash in New Jersey.

2016 - A Sydney man accused of setting fire to his Rozelle convenience store, killing three people, denies buying petrol to start the blaze and instead blames armed robbers.

2017 - Australians awake to news a suicide bomber has killed 22 people, including a number of children, and injured 116 at the end of an Ariana Grande concert at Manchester Arena.

Today's Birthdays:

Carl von Linne (Linnaeus), Swedish botanist (1707-1778); Franz Anton Mesmer, Austrian physician (1753-1815); Douglas Fairbanks, US actor (1883-1939); Sir Hugh Casson, British artist-architect (1910-1999); Denis Compton, English cricketer (1918-1997); Humphrey Lyttleton, UK musician (1921-2008); Rosemary Clooney, US singer (1928-2002); Nigel Davenport, UK actor (1928-2013); Barbara Barrie, US actress (1931-); Joan Collins, English actress (1933-); Charles Kimbrough, US actor (1936-); John Newcombe, Australia tennis player (1944-); Lauren Chapin, US actress (1945-); David Graham, Australian golfer (1946-); Anatoly Karpov, Russian chess champion (1951-); Marvin Hagler, US boxer (1952-); Drew Carey, US comedian (1958-); Graham Hick, Zimbabwe-born cricketer (1966-); Phil Selway, rock musician with Radiohead (1967-); Jewel, American singer (1974-); Ruben Zadkovich, Australian soccer player (1986-).

Thought For Today:

Genius does what it must, talent does what it can - Edward Bulwer-Lytton, English author (1803-1873).