Highlights in history on this date:
1471 - King Henry VI of England is murdered in the Tower of London. Edward IV resumes the throne.
1502 - The Portuguese discover the uninhabited island of St Helena.
1541 - Members of a Spanish expedition seeking gold, led by Hernando de Soto, become the first Europeans to see the Mississippi River, south of what is now Memphis, Tennessee.
1650 - Scotsman James Graham, Marquess of Montrose, is executed.
1836 - The brig Stirling Castle is wrecked off the Queensland coast but all aboard make it to shore.
1840 - Captain William Hobson claims British sovereignty over all New Zealand, even though negotiations are incomplete and it does not become a British colony until 1841.
1904 - Soccer's international body FIFA is established in Paris.
1916 - Daylight saving is introduced in England with clocks going forward one hour for the first time.
1924 - Bobby Franks, 14, is murdered in a "thrill killing" committed by Nathan Leopold Jr and Richard Loeb, two Chicago students, in a case that drew international headlines.
1927 - US aviator Charles Lindbergh reaches Paris, completing first solo aeroplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
1941 - German U-boat sinks American freighter SS Robin Moore in South Atlantic in World War II.
1944 - Allied forces break through Hitler Line in Italy in World War II.
1945 - Lauren Bacall and Humphrey Bogart are married.
1956 - First hydrogen bomb dropped from the air is exploded by the Americans over the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
1964 - United States discloses that US planes are making reconnaissance flights over central Laos to gain information on Communist forces.
1967 - More than 300 people die in department store fire in Brussels, Belgium.
1968 - Nuclear-powered US submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, is last heard from. Its remains were later found on the ocean bed 644km southwest of the Azores.
1969 - Sirhan B Sirhan is sentenced to death for the murder of US presidential candidate Robert Kennedy in 1968. The sentence was later changed to life imprisonment.
1970 - West Germany's Chancellor Willy Brandt and East Germany's Premier Willi Stoph hold second summit meeting, which ends in a stalemate.
1974 - Thailand government resigns seven months after being swept into power by student rebellion that overthrew military regime.
1977 - Advance Australia Fair easily wins Australian opinion poll on proposed national anthem.
1982 - British troops attack Argentine-held Falkland Islands, with British military saying it has established a beachhead at Port San Carlos.
1989 - Students occupying Tiananmen Square in China reject government ultimatum to leave the square, as several million people march in cities throughout the world to show support for the pro-democracy demonstrators.
1991 - Rajiv Gandhi, candidate for prime minister of India, is assassinated in a bomb attack in state of Madras.
1992 - Peace returns to Bangkok, Thailand, after four days in which police and soldiers fought with pro-democracy protesters.
1994 - Bakili Muluzi sworn in as Malawi's first democratically elected president.
1996 - A ferry strikes a rock and sinks in Lake Victoria, Tanzania, drowning more than 500 people.
1997 - Ukraine and Poland sign a reconciliation agreement to formally end conflict and put centuries of bloodshed behind them.
1998 - Abortion on demand becomes legal in Western Australia after a marathon upper house debate which produces the most liberal abortion laws in Australia.
2001 - The UN Security Council declares the Congo River open again after two-and-a-half years of war.
2002 - The US lifts a freeze on financial aid to Yugoslavia, citing the country's commitment to cooperate with the International Criminal Tribunal.
2003 - The 192 member countries of the World Health Organisation adopt the world's first anti-smoking treaty.
2003 - An earthquake measuring 6.7 on the Richter scale strikes northern Algeria, killing more than 2,250 and injuring over 10,000.
2004 - Camilo Mejia, a US infantry squad leader who said he left his unit in Iraq to protest an "oil-driven" war, is convicted of desertion and sentenced to a year in jail.
2005 - China orders emergency measures to prevent an outbreak of avian flu after investigators report migratory birds found dead in a western province this month were killed by the virus.
2008 - A group of up to 300 young men brutally kill 11 people who were accused of being witches and wizards in western Kenya.
2009 - The Gurkhas, storied Nepalese warriors who have served in the British military for two centuries, win the automatic right to settle in Britain.
2010 - Roman Catholic Church officials say that the recently created first synthetic cell could be a positive development if correctly used, but warn scientists that only God can create life.
2016 - Alyssa Azar, 19, from Queensland, becomes the youngest Australian to reach the peak of Everest.
2017 - President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is re-elected as the leader of Turkey's ruling party.
2018 - A fountain of lava spews from a fissure near Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano.
Alexander Pope, English poet (1686-1744); Henri Rousseau, French painter (1844-1910); Fats Waller, US jazz musician (1904-1943); Harold Robbins, US novelist (1916-1997); Raymond Burr, Canadian-born actor (1917-1994); Andrey Sakharov, Russian physicist, dissident and Nobel Peace Prize laureate (1921-1989); Malcolm Fraser, former Australian prime minister (1930-2015); Leo Sayer, British singer (1948-); Mister T, US actor (1952-); Judge Reinhold, US actor (1957-); Notorious BIG, US rapper (1972-1997); Gotye, aka Wally De Backer, Australian Musician (1980-); Mark Cavendish, British cyclist (1985-); Tom Daley, British diver (1994-).
Thought For Today:
A ship in the harbour is safe. But that's not what ships are built for - Anonymous.