HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
1099 - The First Crusade reaches its target, Jerusalem, and starts to besiege the city.
1329 - Robert the Bruce, who seized the Scottish throne in 1306, dies of leprosy and is succeeded by David II.
1494 - Spain and Portugal, by Treaty of Tordesillas, agree to divide the New World between themselves.
1546 - Peace of Ardres ends England's war with France and Scotland.
1586 - English seaman Sir Francis Drake burns the Spanish colony at St Augustine, Florida.
1654 - Louis XIV, the Sun King, is crowned king of France in Rheims.
1862 - Britain and US sign a treaty to suppress the slave trade.
1893 - Mahatma Gandhi's philosophy of passive resistance is born when he is thrown off a segregated train in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, where he spent 21 years.
1905 - Norwegian Storting, or parliament, votes for separation from Sweden.
1929 - Vatican City is established in Rome, reviving the Papal State which had ceased to exist in 1870.
1967 - Israeli forces reach the banks of the Suez Canal in Egypt, two days into the Six-Day War.
1968 - Australian Prime Minister John Gorton begins a two-day visit to Vietnam, against a background of growing Australian military commitment and increasing public opposition.
1988 - Bangladesh, the world's third-largest Muslim nation, makes Islam its state religion.
1989 - Foreign embassies rush to get their nationals out of Beijing, with much of China appearing on verge of chaos following the Tiananmen crackdown.
1994 - After two months of genocide, the US agrees to a UN peacekeeping mission to Rwanda.
1996 - Burma's military rulers pass a new law that effectively muzzles Aung San Suu Kyi's opposition party.
1997 - Foreigners flee heavy fighting between rival militias in Brazzaville, Republic of Congo.
1998 - Lebanon holds its first municipal elections in 35 years.
1999 - Indonesians vote in democratic elections for the first time since 1955. More than 96 per cent turn out for the unexpectedly peaceful voting.
2002 - Israeli troops shell Yasser Arafat's headquarters, a day after 17 people were killed in a Palestinian suicide attack that detonated a car bomb by a crowded bus.
2005 - Riot police in La Paz fire tear gas and clash with protesters demanding more power for Bolivia's impoverished Indian majority as an offer by the president to resign fails to halt a crippling blockade in the Bolivian capital.
2006 - US warplanes kill al-Qaeda's Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, believed responsible for the death of hundreds in a campaign of bombings and beheadings.
2007 - Cyclone Gonu batters Oman's coast, flooding highways and tearing down trees and power lines but sparing the region's oil industry. At least 23 people are killed in deaths related to the cyclone - a rarity in the Middle East.
2008 - Hillary Rodham Clinton formally ends her historic bid for the White House and urges her supporters to rally behind former rival Barack Obama, who goes on to win the US Presidency.
2010 - Egypt says it will leave its border with Gaza open indefinitely for humanitarian aid and restricted travel after three years of co-operating in the Israeli blockade of the Palestinian territory.
2011 - After an ABC Four Corners expose, the Australian government suspends live cattle exports to Indonesia - a move that will cost the industry hundreds of millions of dollars.
2013 - Russian president Vladimir Putin announces on live television that he and his wife Lyudmila are divorcing after 30 years of marriage.
2014 - Ukraine's new president calls for pro-Russian rebels in the country's east to lay down their arms.
2015 - Ahead of the Group of Seven summit in Germany, US President Barack Obama urges fellow G7 leaders to "stand up to Russian aggression" in Ukraine.
2017 - Eight people are killed and thousands are forced from their homes as Cape Town and surrounding areas are hit by the worst winter storm in 30 years.
2018 - An unnamed man from southeast France wins the lottery for the second time in 18 months. Both times he won 1 million euros.
2019 - The AFL apologises to Adam Goodes ahead of the release of a documentary about the racism that drove him out of the game.
George Bryan "Beau" Brummell, English dandy (1778-1840); Paul Gauguin, French painter (1848-1903); Imre Nagy, Hungarian premier (1896-1958); Gary Cooper, US actor (1901-1961); Jessica Tandy, English-born actor (1909-1994); Dean Martin, US singer-actor (1917-1995); James Ivory, US film director (1928-); Virginia McKenna, British actor (1931-); Tom Jones, Welsh-born pop singer (1940-); Liam Neeson, actor (1952-); Orhan Pamuk, Turkish writer (1952-); Johnny Clegg, South African musician (1953-); William Forsythe, US actor (1955-); Prince, US singer-songwriter (1958-2016), Damien Hirst, British artist (1965-); Dave Navarro, rock guitarist (1967-); Bear Grylls, British adventurer and TV presenter (1974-); Anna Kournikova, Russian tennis player (1981-); Michael Cera, Canadian actor (1988); Iggy Azalea, Australian rapper (1990-).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY
Some seek bread; and some seek wealth and ease; and some seek fame, but all are seeking rest - Frederick Langbridge, English clergyman and author (1849-1922).