HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
1520 - Montezuma II, the last Aztec emperor, is killed during the Spanish conquest of Mexico.
1643 - The Battle of Adwalton Moor (also called Atherton Moor) in the English Civil War takes place. The Royalists defeat the Parliamentarians.
1797 - The principal leaders of the Mutiny at the Nore, which blocked trade on the River Thames in London, are executed.
1845 - Australia gets its first legal hotel, the Hero of Waterloo in Sydney.
1859 - Frenchman Charles Blondin (Jean Francois Gravelet) crosses Niagara Falls on a tightrope as 25,000 spectators watch.
1894 - London's Tower Bridge is officially opened.
1915 - Australia's first military pilot, Lieutenant Merz, is killed by Arabs after his Caudron plane is forced down by engine trouble over Mesopotamia during World War I.
1934 - A Nazi purge begins in Germany with "the night of the long knives", as Adolf Hitler gets rid of hundreds of his political critics, including Ernst Roehm and Kurt von Schleicher.
1936 - Margaret Mitchell's classic novel, Gone with the Wind, is published.
1938 - A Superman comic strip is published for the first time.
1965 - A ceasefire is signed between India and Pakistan.
1966 - While visiting Washington, Australia's Prime Minister Harold Holt tells US President Lyndon Johnson he accepts US raids in Vietnam were necessary and pledges to go "all the way with LBJ".
1971 - Protests in which 110,000 people in Australian cities demonstrate in what is the final anti-Vietnam war rally.
1974 - Alberta King, mother of the late US civil rights leader Martin Luther King, is assassinated during a church service.
1976 - US spacecraft's photographs of Mars show that the planet once sustained abundant and rapidly flowing water.
1986 - The US Supreme Court rules 5-4 that states can outlaw homosexual acts between consenting adults.
1994 - The US Figure Skating Association strips Tonya Harding of the 1994 national championship and bans her from the organisation for life for her involvement in an attack on rival skater Nancy Kerrigan.
1995 - General Herman Mantiri is appointed Indonesian ambassador to Australia, leading to protests because of his role in East Timor.
1997 - At the stroke of midnight, Hong Kong is handed back to China after 156 years of British rule.
2000 - Fans rush the stage during a concert at one of Europe's largest rock festivals in Denmark, crushing nine people to death. The Roskilde festival, first held in 1971, was inspired by the 1969 Woodstock Festival in New York.
2001 - Chet Atkins, the legendary country guitarist who helped pioneer the Nashville Sound of pop-flavoured, string-laden music, dies aged 77.
2003 - The American television comedian Buddy Hackett dies at 78.
2003 - Indonesian authorities say they have arrested a key suspect, Idris, in the October 2002 bombings of two Bali nightclubs.
2004 - Saddam Hussein is reduced to a criminal defendant in the land he once ruled, formally handed over by his American captors to Iraqi justice to answer before his own countrymen for the crimes of his brutal and bloody rule.
2005 - The Spanish parliament gives final approval to a law legalising gay marriage, overriding fierce opposition from the Catholic church.
2011 - A high-ranking Hezbollah militant linked to the 1983 truck bombing at the US and French embassies in Kuwait is among four people indicted by an international tribunal in the assassination of Lebanon's former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
2014 - After a six-week trial, Australian entertainer Rolf Harris is found guilty in Britain of 12 charges of indecent assault occurring over two decades.
2016 - The Australian Olympic Committee rules that two-time shooting gold medallist Michael Diamond is ineligible to compete at the Rio Games after he was earlier charged with drink-driving and firearms offences, and stripped of his gun licence.
2017 - A doctor who used to work at a New York City hospital returns with a rifle hidden under his shirt and opens fire, killing one and wounding six others before turning the gun on himself.
2018 - Tens of thousands of people participate in nationwide protests across the United States over the Trump administration's immigration policies.
2019 - US President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong-un shake hands in a historic moment at the demilitarised zone separating North and South Korea.
George Duhamel, French author (1884-1966); Czeslaw Milosz, Czech poet and Nobel laureate (1911-2004); Lena Horne, US singer (1917-2010); Susan Hayward, US actor (1919-1975); Glenn Shorrock, Australian singer (1944-); Stanley Clarke, US jazz musician (1951-); Vincent D'Onofrio, US actor (1959-); Murray Cook, Australian musician and children's entertainer, Red Wiggle (1960-); Rupert Graves, British actor (1963-); Mike Tyson, US boxer (1966-); Ralf Schumacher, German race car driver (1975-); Ben Cousins, Australian Football League player (1978-); Cheryl Cole, British singer (Girls Aloud) (1983-); Michael Phelps, US Olympic swimming champion (1985-).
Thought For Today:
I believe in the discipline of silence and can talk for hours about it - George Bernard Shaw, Irish-born playwright (1856-1950)