HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
1519 - Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes lands in Mexico, founds the town of Veracruz and begins conquering the land.
1540 - Marriage of King Henry VIII to Anne of Cleves is annulled.
1816 - The United Provinces of La Plata, now Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and part of Bolivia, declare themselves independent from Spain.
1877 - First Wimbledon tennis championships held.
1887 - The first paper napkins are introduced at a dinner at a British hotel by John Dickenson, a stationery manufacturer.
1893 - Black physician Daniel Hale Williams performs the world's first successful closure of a heart wound in Chicago.
1900 - The Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act is enacted by the UK's parliament.
1922 - Johnny Weissmuller, swimmer turned Tarzan actor, becomes the first man to swim 100m in under a minute when he clocks 58.6s.
1925 - Revolution breaks out in Ecuador, leading to an army takeover.
1947 - Engagement of Princess Elizabeth to Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten is announced.
1963 - An agreement is signed to create the Federation of Malaysia, uniting Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak and North Borneo.
1971 - The last US base guarding the demilitarised zone in Vietnam is turned over to South Vietnamese troops.
1974 - At a Melbourne gig, Frank Sinatra calls the "broads" of the Australian press "hookers", adding: "I might offer them a buck and a half, I'm not sure."
1991 - The International Olympic Committee re-admits South Africa to the Games after three decades.
1993 - British scientists, using DNA genetic fingerprinting tests, identify the bones of the former Russian Tsar Nicholas II and his family.
1996 - Russia resumes an offensive in Chechnya after President Boris Yeltsin wins re-election.
1997 - The Nevada Athletic Commission revokes Mike Tyson's boxing licence and fines him $US3 million ($A4.52 million) for biting Evander Holyfield's ear in a title match.
1998 - Colombian president-elect Andres Pastrana meets with leaders of the leftist FARC guerilla group, the first such high-level meeting.
2001 - A Chilean court rules that General Augusto Pinochet cannot be tried on human rights charges because of the former dictator's deteriorating health.
2003 - Canada's government announces a provisional distribution system for medical marijuana that would involve shipping government supplies of the drug directly to eligible patients' doctors.
2006 - A fatal Russian commercial plane crash is the country's second major commercial airline disaster in two months.
2007 - The 22-nation Arab League announces it will send a delegation to Israel to discuss a sweeping peace initiative as well as the threat posed by Hamas and other Islamic extremists.
2008 - Iran test-fires nine missiles, including ones capable of hitting Israel, making a dramatic show of its readiness to strike back if the US or Israel attacks.
2010 - The largest US-Russia spy swap since the Cold War takes place in Vienna as planes from New York and Moscow arrive within minutes of each other to exchange 10 Russian sleeper agents and four prisoners accused by Russia of spying for the West.
2011 - South Sudan becomes the world's newest nation, officially breaking away from Sudan after two civil wars over five decades that cost the lives of millions.
2013 - A car bomb explodes in a Hezbollah stronghold in the southern suburbs of Beirut, wounding at least 53 people.
2014 - An American who co-authored a book Fiesta: How to Survive the Bulls of Pamplona becomes one of two victims gored at the festival.
2017 - A photograph of the daughter of US President Donald Trump, Ivanka Trump, sitting in her father's seat during an official event at the Group 20 world leaders' summit raises eyebrows.
2018 - Former AFL premiership player Brian Lake is taken into custody following an "incident" in a bar in Osaka, Japan. He is later released without charge.
2019 - A class action on behalf of 10,000 Indigenous workers who had their wages stolen over three decades has been settled with the Queensland government for $190 million.
Elias Howe, US inventor of sewing machine (1819-1867); Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American inventor (1856-1943); Enid Lyons, first woman elected to Australia's House of Representatives and first female Cabinet minister (1897-1981); Dame Barbara Cartland, British writer (1901-2000); Sir Edward Heath, British prime minister (1916-2005); Lee Hazlewood, US singer (1929-2007); Morocco's King Hassan (1929-1999); Donald Rumsfeld, former US Secretary of Defence (1932-); David Hockney, English artist (1937-); Brian Dennehy, US actor (1938-); Bon Scott, AC/DC frontman (1946-1980); Orenthal James (OJ) Simpson, US footballer, actor and criminal (1947-); Jimmy Smits, US actor (1955-); Tom Hanks, US actor (1956-); Marc Almond, British singer (1956-); Kelly McGillis, US actress (1957-); Courtney Love, US singer (1964-); Jack White, US singer-songwriter (1975-); Fred Savage, US actor (1976-).
Thought For Today:
Life is pleasant. Death is peaceful. It's the transition that's troublesome - Isaac Asimov, US Writer (1920-1992)