HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE:
1556 - France's King Henry II renews war against Hapsburgs in Italy.
1796 - British force captures island of Elba.
1811 - Venezuela becomes the first South American country to declare its independence from Spain.
1812 - Britain makes peace with Russia and Sweden.
1822 - The Royal Agricultural Society of NSW is formed.
1830 - The French launch an invasion of Algeria and take Algiers.
1865 - William Booth sets up the Christian Revival Association, later to become the Salvation Army, in London.
1932 - Right-wing politician Antonio de Oliveira Salazar becomes Portugal's prime minister.
1940 - The Vichy government in France breaks off relations with Britain in World War II.
1943 - A German offensive on the Soviet front begins with Battle of Kursk in World War II.
1945 - Prime Minister John Curtin, who has led Australia for most of World War II, dies at The Lodge in Canberra, six weeks before the Japanese surrender.
1946 - Bikini swimsuits are modelled for the first time in Paris. Designer Louis Reard, a former engineer, names the two-piece suit after Bikini Atoll, site of US nuclear testing, saying he thought it'd be "highly explosive".
1948 - Britain's National Health Service Act comes into effect, providing government-financed medical and dental care.
1954 - Elvis Presley's first commercial recording session takes place at Sun Records in Memphis, Tennessee where he records That's All Right (Mama).
1959 - President Sukarno dissolves Indonesia's Constituent Assembly and assumes dictatorial powers.
1965 - Maria Callas gives her last stage performance, singing Tosca at London's Covent Garden.
1967 - Israel annexes Gaza.
1969 - The Rolling Stones give a free concert in London, in memory of Brian Jones, who died two days before.
1973 - The government of Rwanda is overthrown in a military coup and General Juvenal Habyarimana, a Hutu, comes to power.
1975 - Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win a Wimbledon singles title, defeating Jimmy Connors.
1977 - Pakistan's army seizes power in a bloodless coup that unseats Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto.
1987 - Australian Pat Cash wins the men's singles at Wimbledon.
1991 - The Bank of England suspends the operations of Bank of Credit and Commerce International SA following allegations of massive fraud.
1996 - In Dhaka, Bangladesh, rising floodwaters force more than 70,000 people from their homes and kill at least six children.
2000 - The UN Security Council imposes an 18-month diamond ban on Sierra Leone's rebels.
2002 - South Africa's Constitutional Court orders President Thabo Mbeki to provide the antiretroviral drug nevirapine to pregnant women in state hospitals who are infected with HIV.
2003 - Two Chechen female suicide bombers kill themselves and at least 14 others on the outskirts of Moscow, where an annual outdoor rock-music festival is being held.
2004 - The prosecutor for a UN-sponsored war crimes court opens the first trials of rebel military commanders accused in a vicious 10-year campaign for control of diamond-rich Sierra Leone.
2005 - Afghan President Hamid Karzai's government criticises the US military for killing up to 17 civilians in an air strike.
2006 - NATO calls for a firm international response to North Korea's missile tests.
2007 - Nigerian gunmen kidnap a three-year-old British girl in the first seizure of a foreign child in Nigeria's increasingly lawless oil region. She is released four days later.
2011 - The UK's News of the World paper faces claims it hacked into a missing 13-year-old's phone messages.
2012 - Lochie Hinds, a 16-year-old from Sydney, swims the English Channel, becoming the youngest Australian to compete in the open-water swim.
2013 - Enraged Islamists push back against the toppling of Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, with tens of thousands taking to the streets vowing to win his reinstatement.
2014 - Ukrainian troops force pro-Russian insurgents out of a key stronghold in the country's embattled east, a significant success in the months-long battle against a spreading separatist insurgency.
2015 - A majority of Greeks vote against budget cuts proposed by the country's creditors in a national referendum. Princess Charlotte of Cambridge is christened at the Queen's Sandringham estate.
2016 - Tennis star Nick Kyrgios admits he doesn't "love" the game after being bundled out of Wimbledon in straight sets by Andy Murray.
2017 - The federal government contacts "dozens" of Australians whose Medicare card numbers were illegally sold on the dark web.
2018 - Thirty-three people die after two passenger boats capsize off Phuket, Thailand.
2019 - Hundreds march through Brisbane's CBD in a peak-hour protest against the Adani coal mine approval.
Phineas Taylor Barnum, US circus pioneer (1810-1891); Cecil Rhodes, English statesman and Central Africa pioneer (1853-1902); Edouard Herriot, French statesman and prime minister (1872-1957); Jean Cocteau, French author-filmmaker (1889-1963); Georges Pompidou, French prime minister and president (1911-1974); Jimmy Carruthers, Australia's first world boxing champion (1929-1990); Huey Lewis, US rock musician (1950-); Mark Stockwell, Australian Olympic swimmer (1963-); Edie Falco, US actress (1963-); Kip Gamblin, Australian ballet dancer and actor (1975-); Amelie Mauresmo, French tennis player (1979-)
Thought For Today:
The truly fashionable are beyond fashion - Cecil Beaton, English fashion photographer and costume designer (1904-1980).