HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
1593 - France's King Henry IV becomes a Roman Catholic for the second and final time in an effort to gain Paris and be recognised as the legitimate king.
1689 - France's King Louis XIV declares war on Britain.
1798 - Napoleon Bonaparte enters Cairo with his French troops.
1814 - George Stephenson of England tests his first steam locomotive.
1834 - Sydney's first Philharmonic Society gives its inaugural concert in the Pulteney Hotel.
1871 - William Schneider of Davenport, Iowa, invents the merry-go-round.
1894 - The Japanese Navy defeats a Chinese fleet in Kanghwa Bay, sparking the Sino-Japanese War over influence in Korea.
1907 - Japan obtains protectorate over Korea.
1909 - Louis Bleriot makes the first crossing of the English Channel by air, flying his monoplane from Les Baraques, near Calais, to Dover.
1917 - Margaretha Geertruida Zelle, the Dutch spy known as Mata Hari, is sentenced to death on charges of spying for Germany during World War I.
1934 - Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss is assassinated in an unsuccessful Nazi coup attempt in Austria.
1943 - Benito Mussolini is forced to resign as prime minister of Italy during World War II.
1946 - The US makes the first underwater test of an atomic bomb off the atoll of Bikini in the Pacific Ocean.
1956 - Italian liner Andrea Doria and Swedish ship Stockholm collide off the coast of New England and 50 lives are lost.
1959 - The hovercraft makes its first crossing of the English Channel from Dover to Calais.
1963 - The US, Soviet Union and Britain conclude a treaty prohibiting nuclear testing in atmosphere, space or under water.
1968 - Pope Paul VI bans all artificial birth control methods for Roman Catholics.
1971 - Doctor Christiaan Barnard transplants two lungs and a heart into a man in Cape Town, South Africa, in an operation described as successful.
1978 - World's first test-tube baby, Louise Joy Brown, is born at Oldham General Hospital, Lancashire, England.
1984 - Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya becomes the first woman to walk in space.
1988 - A New York judge orders the feuding San Diego Yacht Club and a New Zealand challenger to settle the battle for the America's Cup with a September race.
1991 - Mikhail Gorbachev tells Communist Party leaders that building communism in the Soviet Union is no longer a realistic goal and the party must reject "outdated ideological dogmas".
1997 - The Khmer Rouge guerillas in Cambodia hold an apparently fake trial of their former leader Pol Pot, who is sentenced to house arrest.
1998 - US government officials say President Bill Clinton has been subpoenaed to testify in the Monica Lewinsky case.
2000 - An Air France Concorde travelling to New York crashes into a hotel outside Paris shortly after take-off, killing 113 people.
2004 - Israelis form a human chain stretching 90km from Gaza to Jerusalem to protest Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's Gaza Strip withdrawal plan.
2008 - A Qantas flight from London to Melbourne via Hong Kong with 365 people on board makes an emergency landing in Manila after an oxygen bottle explodes, rupturing the fuselage.
2013 - A Spanish train hurtles off the rails and smashes into a security wall as it rounds a bend, killing 80 people and maiming dozens more.
2015 - Two suicide bombings at a swimming pool in northern Iraq kill at least 12 people.
2016 - A Four Corners report on ABC television includes videos showing children in a Northern Territory detention centre being gassed, stripped, shackled in restraints and spit-hooded, which swiftly leads to a royal commission into the NT's juvenile justice system.
2017 - The NSW government comes under siege after allegations surface that senior officials helped irrigators undermine the Murray Darling Basin Plan and failed to properly investigate alleged water theft.
2018 - Foreign Minister Julie Bishop says Donald Trump's focus on personal relationships has seen Australia gain unprecedented access to the US government and the White House.
2019 - Canadian police hunt two teenagers wanted over the shooting murders of Sydney man Lucas Fowler and his girlfriend Chynna Deese. The suspects are later found dead 3000km away.
Charles Brownlow, Australian rules football player and administrator, known for having the Brownlow Medal named in his honour (1861-1924); Maxfield Parrish, US illustrator/painter (1870-1966); Davidson Black, Canadian physician/anthropologist (1884-1934); Estelle Getty, US actress (1923-2008); Bruce Woodley, Australian guitarist of The Seekers fame (1942-); Iman Abdulmajid, Somali-American model-actress (1955-); Matt LeBlanc, US actor (1967-); Louise Brown, world's first test-tube baby (1978-).
Thought For Today:
I am at two with nature - Woody Allen, US actor, comedian, film director and producer (1935-).