HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE:
1567 - Barely more than one year old, the son of Mary of Scotland is crowned James VI when his mother, defeated by rebel Scottish lords, abdicates the throne. He becomes King James I of England following the death of his cousin, Queen Elizabeth I.
1704 - British capture Gibraltar during War of Spanish Succession.
1847 - Brigham Young and the first Mormons arrive at Great Salt Lake in present-day Utah.
1911 - Yale University professor Hiram Bingham discovers Inca city Machu Picchu in Peru.
1922 - League of Nations Council approves mandates for Palestine and Egypt.
1929 - US President Herbert Hoover proclaims the Kellogg-Briand Pact, renouncing war as an instrument of foreign policy.
1942 - British bombers devastate German cities of Frankfurt and Mannheim in World War II.
1946 - The US makes the first underwater test of an atomic bomb off Bikini atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
1969 - The US Apollo 11 astronauts, the first men to walk on Moon, splash down safely in the Pacific Ocean.
1974 - Konstantinos Karamanlis returns from exile and is sworn in as prime minister of Greece after the junta relinquishes control.
1976 - US unmanned spacecraft Viking 1 lands on Mars and starts tests to determine whether life exists on the planet.
1981 - Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation endorse separate ceasefire agreements to end fighting along the Lebanese-Israeli border.
1992 - The Mexican government accuses the US of excessive interference in anti-drug efforts and declines aid earmarked to combat narcotics.
1994 - Rwandan refugees trickle into Zaire - now Congo - after the border is opened, to escape filthy, crowded camps where death from cholera and dehydration abound.
1996 - In Colombo, Sri Lanka, two bombs rip through separate cars of a commuter train, killing 63 people in an attack blamed on Tamil Tiger separatist rebels.
1997 - After 290 years of union, the British government offers Scots the power to legislate, to tax and to speak for themselves in the European Union.
2003 - The joint US Congressional Committee on Intelligence releases a report of more than 800 pages on its 10-month-long inquiry into intelligence failures leading up to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
2006 - Hundreds of Taliban fighters attack a western Afghan government building with rocket-propelled grenades and machine guns, killing three police officers and wounding seven in one of the militia's boldest strikes in the long-quiet region.
2007 - Five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor return home after secretive talks lead to their release by Libya after 8 1/2 years in prison - much of it under sentence of death - for widely rejected charges of infecting children with HIV.
2011 - Cadel Evans becomes the first Australian to win the Tour de France cycle race.
2012 - President John Mills of Ghana dies before he can complete his first term in office and Vice President John Mahama is sworn in hours later, underscoring the country's reputation as one of the most stable democracies in West Africa.
2014 - Israeli tank shells hit a compound housing a UN school in the Gaza Strip, killing at least 15 people and wounding dozens seeking shelter from fierce clashes on the streets outside as Israel presses forward with its 17-day war with the territory's Hamas rulers.
2015 - Greece formally requests a new bailout loan from the International Monetary Fund.
2016 - Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan orders the closure of thousands of private schools, charities and other institutions in his first decree since imposing a state of emergency after the country's failed military coup.
2017 - Jared Kushner, President Donald Trump's son-in-law and a senior White House adviser, details four meetings he held with Russian officials in 2016 in a statement that also says he did not collude with Moscow during the US election campaign.
2018 - Scary Spice Mel B tells a UK talk show that The Spice Girls will be reuniting this year and will tour Britain and Ireland in May-June 2019 - without Posh Spice Victoria Beckham.
2019 - Celebrated food writer Margaret Fulton, once described as Australia's original domestic goddess and beloved by generations for The Margaret Fulton Cookbook, dies aged 94.
Simon Bolivar, leader of South American independence (1783-1830); Alexandre Dumas, French writer (1802-1870); Ernst Bloch, Swiss-born composer (1880-1959); Tanizaki Jun'ichiro, Japanese writer (1886-1965); Amelia Earhart, US aviation pioneer (1898-1937); Cootie Williams, US jazz musician (1908-1985); Bella Abzug, US lawyer, politician and activist (1920-1998); Arthur Boyd, Australian artist (1920-1999); Chris Haywood, English-born Australian actor (1948-); Gus Van Sant, US director (1952-); Jennifer Lopez, US actress/singer (1968-); Rose Byrne, Australian actress (1979-); Elisabeth Moss, US actress (1982-); Bindi Irwin, Australian TV presenter and conservationist (1998-).
Thought For Today:
My feeling is that there is nothing in life but refraining from hurting others, and comforting those who are sad - Olive Schreiner, South African author and feminist (1855-1920).