HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
1429 - With Joan of Arc standing by, Charles VII is crowned king of France in Reims, a day after the English-held town surrenders.
1453 - The French defeat the English at the battle of Castillon, ending the Hundred Years' War, with Calais the only English territory left on the continent.
1586 - Sir Francis Walsingham exposes a letter from Mary, Queen of Scots, to Anthony Babington planning the murder of Queen Elizabeth I. Mary is executed a year later.
1762 - Peter III, Tsar of Russia, is assassinated a week after he abdicates the throne.
1821 - Spain cedes Florida to the United States.
1890 - Cecil Rhodes becomes premier of Cape Colony in Africa.
1917 - The British royal family drops its previous name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and adopts the name Windsor.
1936 - The Spanish Civil War starts as General Francisco Franco leads army forces in a revolt against the government.
1940 - Conscription in Australia is extended to include the call-up of 24-year-olds.
1955 - Disneyland, the first Disney amusement park, opens its gates in Anaheim, California.
1959 - Death of US blues and jazz singer Billie Holiday.
1964 - Briton Donald Campbell breaks the world land speed record, recording 648km/h in his Bluebird on the dry bed of Lake Eyre, South Australia.
1968 - The Baath Party, including Saddam Hussein, overthrows the Iraqi government.
1973 - Afghanistan is proclaimed a republic following a palace coup that ends the 40-year rule of King Mohammad Zahir Shah.
1975 - US astronauts and Soviet cosmonauts in Apollo and Soyuz spacecraft link up while in orbit and join hands.
1976 - President Suharto annexes East Timor, declaring it Indonesia's 27th province, in a unilateral act not recognised by the United Nations.
1979 - Melbourne scientists develop a bionic ear for the deaf.
1990 - German Chancellor Helmut Kohl says all major obstacles to united Germany have been swept away and announces elections for a united German parliament.
1993 - An agreement to restore peace in Liberia is reached by the warring factions, whose accord includes a ceasefire, an interim government and free elections.
1994 - The remains of kidnapped Australian Kellie Wilkinson and her two British friends are found near a Khmer Rouge camp in Cambodia.
1996 - A TWA 747 jetliner bound for Paris explodes shortly after take-off from New York's Kennedy Airport and plunges into the Atlantic, killing all 230 aboard.
1998 - Three tidal waves caused by an undersea earthquake sweep away villages in northwest Papua New Guinea, killing some 2000 people.
2009 - Indonesian suicide attackers set off bombs in Jakarta in two luxury hotels frequented by Westerners, killing at least eight people and wounding more than 50 in the world's most populous Muslim country.
2011 - An intensifying voicemail hacking and police bribery scandal cuts closer than ever to Rupert Murdoch and Scotland Yard with the arrest of the media magnate's former British newspaper chief and the resignation of London's police commissioner.
2013 - The Vatican announces Pope Francis will ditch the bullet-proof "popemobile" used by his predecessors on his visit to Brazil for World Youth Day and instead travel in an open-top jeep.
2014 - A Malaysia Airlines passenger plane carrying 298 people is shot down over war-torn Ukraine, with both the government and pro-Russian separatists fighting in the region denying any involvement.
2015 - Emotional services are held across Europe to mark the first anniversary of the MH17 disaster, as pressure builds for a UN-backed tribunal to prosecute those responsible.
2016 - Three US police officers are killed and another three wounded in Baton Rouge in an alleged act of vengeance for recent police shootings of black people by Gavin Long, who is later shot and killed by a SWAT team.
2017 - The first full round of Brexit talks is held in Brussels as British officials and their EU counterparts negotiate the terms of the UK's divorce from the European Union.
2018 - Donald Trump is widely criticised for siding with Vladimir Putin over US intelligence services at a summit between the two leaders, prompting speculation that Russia may have compromising material on the US president.
2019 - A Victorian hiker rescued after more than a week in the snowy Tasmanian wilderness says he feared he'd die after losing his pack, emergency beacon and most of his food.
Isaac Watts, English churchman (1674-1748); James Cagney, US actor (1899-1986); Phyllis Diller, US comedian (1917-2012); Juan Antonio Samaranch, former IOC president (1920-2010); Donald Sutherland, Canadian actor (1935-); Diahann Carroll, US actress-singer (1935-2019); Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall, British Royal (Camilla Parker Bowles) (1947-); David Hasselhoff, US actor (1952-); Angela Merkel, German Chancellor (1954-); Julie Bishop, Australian politician (1956-); Jason Clarke, Australian actor (1969-); Terence Tao, Australian-American mathematician (1975-).
Thought For Today:
Every soul is a melody which needs renewing - Stephane Mallarme, French essayist and poet (1842-1898).