HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE:
1830 - Louis Philippe is elected King of France and becomes known as the Citizen King.
1858 - Ottawa is chosen by Queen Victoria as capital of the Dominion of Canada.
1869 - The first picture of a solar eclipse is taken.
1888 - Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia receives a patent for the revolving door.
1912 - Russia and Japan sign agreement determining spheres of influence in Mongolia and Manchuria.
1941 - Soviet planes carry out their first bombing raids against Berlin, Germany, in World War II.
1942 - US forces land on Guadalcanal in Pacific during WWII.
1945 - Soviet Union declares war on Japan seven days before Japanese surrender in World War II.
1947 - Balsa wood raft Kon-Tiki, which had carried a six-man crew 6919km across the Pacific Ocean from South America, crashes into a Polynesian reef.
1957 - Death of US comedian-actor Oliver Hardy, of the duo Laurel and Hardy.
1959 - US launches Explorer-6 which sent back a picture of the Earth.
1960 - Ivory Coast becomes independent of France.
1965 - Linda McGill becomes first Australian woman to swim the English Channel.
1971 - Three US Apollo 15 astronauts make safe splashdown in Pacific Ocean after their Moon visit.
1974 - French stuntman Philippe Petit walks a tightrope strung between the twin towers of New York's World Trade Centre.
1982 - Traffic stops in Adelaide when 2000 protesters form a human peace symbol to remember victims of the nuclear industry.
1988 - About 30 people are feared dead after three boats carrying almost 200 people capsizes in Bangladesh during an earthquake.
1989 - New Zealand Prime Minister David Lange resigns.
1991 - Croatian government accepts a federal peace plan in Yugoslavia and says it will not be first to break a ceasefire in the republic.
1994 - Eleven men are killed in an explosion at mine at Moura, Queensland.
1996 - About 71 people die after flash floods in Spain crash through the Pyrenees Mountain camp jammed with hundreds of holiday makers.
1998 - Terrorist bombs at US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania kill 224 people.
2000 - American and Swiss scientists flag the possibility of life in the universe after discovering nine planets that orbit stars outside our solar system.
2001 - Cambodia's Constitutional Council approves legislation to create a court to try former leaders of the Khmer Rouge for their 1970s "killing fields" reign of terror.
2003 - Muslim terrorist Amrozi is sentenced to death in Indonesia for his role in the 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202 people, including 88 Australians.
2004 - Arab satellite channel Al-Jazeera is shut for 30 days after the Iraq government accuses the network of inciting violence.
2007 - WA Supreme Court registrar Corryn Rayney's body is found August 16 in a grave in Perth's King Park after disappearing from a bootscooting class.
2008 - A US military jury sentences Osama bin Laden's driver to five years and six months for aiding terrorism, making him eligible for release in five months.
2012 - Prosecutors call for three-year prison sentences for Pussy Riot after the Russian feminist punk rockers give an impromptu performance in Moscow's main cathedral.
2013 - President Barrack Obama's five-year effort to reboot US-Russian relations crashes as the White House abruptly cancels his planned face-to-face summit with President Vladimir Putin.
2014 - Russia retaliates for sanctions over the crisis in Ukraine by banning most food imports from the West.
2015 - A bombing outside the Kabul police academy kills at least 20 people with the Taliban claiming responsibility.
2016 - Short-sighted swimmer MacKenzie 'Mack' Horton scores the first gold medal for Australia at the Rio Olympics after propelling past a Chinese hopeful in the 400m freestyle event.
2017 - The remains of a man killed at New York's World Trade Center on 9/11 are positively identified, nearly 16 years after terrorists killed 2,753 people when they crashed planes into the building's Twin Towers in 2001.
Stanley J Weyman, English author (1855-1928); Emil Nolde, German painter (1867-1956); Mata Hari (Margaret Gertrude Zeller), Dutch dancer-spy (1876-1917); Verna Bloom, US actress (1939-); BJ Thomas, US singer (1942-); Lana Cantrell, Australian singer (1943-); Greg Chappell, Australian cricketer (1948-); Alberto Salazar, US marathon runner (1958-); David Duchovny, US actor (1960-); John Birmingham, Australian author (1964-); Megan Gale, Australian model (1975-); Charlize Theron, South African actress (1975-); David Hicks, Australian former Guantanamo Bay detainee (1975-), Abbie Cornish, Australian actress (1982-).
Thought For Today:
Civilisation is a movement and not a condition, a voyage and not a harbour - Arnold Toynbee, English historian (1889-1975).