Highlights in history on this date:
1560 - Charles IX succeeds as King of France on death of Francis II.
1792 - George Washington is re-elected US president and John Adams as vice-president.
1797 - Napoleon Bonaparte arrives in Paris to command forces for an invasion of England.
1812 - Napoleon Bonaparte leaves his troops, retreating from Russia and setting out for Paris.
1848 - US President James Polk triggers the Gold Rush of '49 by confirming gold was discovered in California.
1909 - Florence Taylor, in a glider, becomes the first woman to fly in Australia.
1913 - Britain forbids sending arms to Ireland.
1924 - First Australian Woolworths store opens in the Imperial Arcade in Sydney.
1934 - Parliament grants Turkish women voting and election rights as part of modern Turkey's founder Mustafa Kemal Ataturk's westernisation reforms.
1936 - Soviet Union adopts new Constitution under a Supreme Council.
1938 - Albert Namatjira's first exhibition of paintings is held in Sydney with all 41 works selling within three days.
1944 - Allied troops take Ravenna, Italy, in World War II.
1962 - The US and Soviet Union agree to co-operate in peaceful uses of outer space.
1977 - Egypt breaks diplomatic relations with five Arab nations that were hostile to President Anwar Sadat's peace overtures to Israel.
1985 - Britain says it will go through with plans to withdraw from United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
1993 - A letter bomb blast injures Vienna's mayor in his home. It is the fifth explosive sent in three days to journalists, priests and others linked to Austria's immigrant community.
1994 - Fotios Diakonidis goes on a shooting rampage in the Melbourne suburb of Fawkner, killing two people before he is shot dead by police.
1996 - US President Bill Clinton names UN ambassador Madeleine Albright as the country's first female secretary of state.
2000 - Lawyers for the first of two Libyans accused of the 1988 Lockerbie airliner bombing launch their defence in the Netherlands.
2001 - New Zealand yachtsman Peter Blake, two-time winner of the America's Cup, is slain by Brazilian pirates on the Amazon River.
2003 - An explosion tears through a morning commuter train just outside Yessentuki station in Russia's southern fringe, killing 46 people and wounding more than 160.
2006 - Fiji's military chief Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in the country's fourth coup in 20 years.
2008 - Eleven Australians are among the 122 people rescued from a stricken Argentinian cruise ship that runs aground in Antarctica.
2012 - Hundreds of mourners farewell bestselling Australian author Bryce Courtenay at his funeral service in Sydney.
2013 - Nelson Mandela, icon of the anti-apartheid struggle in South Africa, dies in Johannesburg, aged 95.
2014 - Thousands of protesters paralyse streets in New York to condemn police killings of black suspects.
2016 - New Zealand Prime Minister John Key unexpectedly announces he is resigning, eventually replaced by his deputy Bill English.
2017 - Online retailer Amazon opens in Australia but is criticised for a limited range, higher than expected prices and longer delivery times than promised.
2018 - A national recall is issued for Nanna's family apple pies from major and independent supermarkets over fears of glass contamination.
George Armstrong Custer, American cavalry commander (1839-1876); Walt Disney, US cartoonist-film producer (1901-1966); Little Richard, US singer (1932-); Jose Carreras, Spanish operatic tenor (1946-); Denise Drysdale, Australian TV personality (1948-); Cheryl Kernot, Australian politician (1948-); British ski jumper Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards (1963-); Margaret Cho, US comedian (1968-); Frankie Muniz, US actor (1985-).
Thought For Today:
"I've never been poor, only broke. Being poor is a frame of mind. Being broke is only a temporary situation." - Mike Todd, American movie producer (1907-1958).