Highlights in history on this date:
1066 - Death of Edward the Confessor, king of England (and later Saint Edward).
1589 - Death of Catherine de Medici, widow of Henri II and one-time regent of France.
1802 - John Murray names Port Phillip Bay, Victoria.
1871 - Group of Chinese find a nugget at Dunolly, Victoria, called The Precious, which yields 50.418kg of pure gold.
1922 - British Antarctic explorer Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton dies in the Falkland Islands as he attempted a fourth expedition to Antarctica.
1941 - Pioneer aviatrix Amy Johnson goes missing while flying over the Thames. She is never found.
1964 - Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Benedictos of Jerusalem meet in Holy Land on Mount of Olives - the first meeting in five centuries between a Roman Catholic pope and Eastern Orthodox Church patriarch.
1971 - Australia's first one-day international cricket matched is played, against England.
1972 - US President Richard Nixon orders development of the space shuttle.
1975: Hobart's Tasman Bridge partially collapses into the Derwent River after being struck by a bulk ore carrier, the Lake Illawarra. Seven of the ship's crew and five motorists die.
1981 - Truck driver Peter Sutcliffe, is arrested over the Yorkshire Ripper murders of 13 women makes his first appearance in court. He is later convicted of the murders.
1993 - The tanker Braer runs aground on the Shetland Islands and spills 98 million litres of oil in the next few days, but environmental damage is limited.
1994 - The start of a horror spell of NSW bushfires, during which four people die and scores of homes are destroyed.
1997 - Russia withdraws the last of its defence ministry troops from Chechnya, marking a formal end to Moscow's ill-fated military campaign in the region.
1999 - Four US jets fire on - and miss - four Iraqi MiGs testing the "no-fly" zone over southern Iraq in the first air-to-air confrontation in more than six years.
2005 - Former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet is placed under house arrest after the country's top court rules that murder and kidnapping charges against him can move forward.
2006 - At least 76 people die when a four-storey building collapses in the Muslim holy city of Mecca during the annual haj pilgrimage.
2008 - Melbourne sports commentator Clinton Grybas, 32, is found dead in his Southbank apartment.
2011 - Radical Shi'ite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr, a fierce opponent of the United States and head of Iraq's most feared militia, is welcomed by cheering supporters as he comes home after nearly four years in self-imposed exile in Iran.
2012 - An apparently co-ordinated wave of bombings targeting Shi'ite Muslims kills at least 78 people in Iraq.
2013 - Bushfires continue to burn out of control across large areas of Tasmania, destroying homes and resulting in the evacuation of thousands of people.
2016 - The British parliament debate a petition, signed by more than 560,000 people, calling for a ban on US Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump from entering the United Kingdom.
2018 - A hot air balloon crashes due to strong winds in Egypt's Luxor governorate, killing an Australian tourist.
2019 - A far-right rally draws hundreds, including what appears to be neo-Nazis, to St Kilda beach in Melbourne.
Shah Jahan, Mughal emperor who had Taj Mahal built in India for his queen (1592-1666); Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Pakistani prime minister (1928-1979); Robert Duvall, US actor (1931-); Raisa Gorbachev, wife of ex-Russian leader (1932-1999); Umberto Eco, Italian writer (1932-2016); King Juan Carlos I of Spain (1938-); Athol Guy, Australian musician of Seekers fame (1940-); Peter Luck, Australian TV personality (1944-2017); Diane Keaton, US actress (1946-); Mike Rann, former South Australian premier (1953-); Marilyn Manson, US rock singer (1969-).
Thought for Today:
In ageing, one becomes more foolish and more wise - Francois, Duc de La Rochefoucauld, French author (1613-1680)