HIGHLIGHTS IN HISTORY ON THIS DATE
1026 - Conrad II crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope John XIX.
1780 - Debut of British Gazette and Sunday Monitor, the first Sunday newspaper in Britain.
1793 - Holy Roman Empire declares war on France.
1827 - Death of German composer Ludwig van Beethoven.
1828 - Austrian composer Franz Schubert gives his only public concert, in Vienna.
1871 - The Paris Commune, an insurrection of Paris against the French government, is formally set up.
1885 - The Eastman Dry Plate and Film Co of Rochester, New York, manufactures the first commercial motion picture film.
1898 - World's first game reserve, the Sabi Game Reserve, is designated in South Africa.
1902 - Death of Cecil Rhodes, British-born mining magnate, financier and South African statesman.
1923 - Death of French actress Sarah Bernhardt.
1942 - Nazi Germany begins sending Jews to the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland.
1945 - The Battle of Iwo Jima ends after about 22,000 Japanese are killed or captured and more than 4500 US troops killed.
1953 - US researcher Dr Jonas E Salk announces new vaccine to immunise against polio.
1958 - Australian Deputy Prime Minister Sir Arthur Fadden retires as Country Party leader and is succeeded by John McEwen.
1960 - Homes blown away when cyclone hits Carnarvon, Western Australia, with winds up to 124 kph.
1973 - Women are allowed on the floor of the London Stock Exchange for the first time.
1984 - Australia introduces the $100 banknote.
1992 - Former world heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson sentenced to six years in prison for rape.
1994 - OPEC agrees to freeze oil production for the rest of the year after failing to find a formula to cut output and push prices up.
1997 - Papua New Guinea's Prime Minister Sir Julius Chan resigns after facing an army mutiny and riots.
1998 - Bill Clinton becomes the first American head of state to visit South Africa.
1999 - Assisted-suicide crusader Dr Jack Kevorkian is convicted in the US of second-degree murder for fatally injecting a terminally ill man.
2007 - Ian Paisley and Gerry Adams, leaders of Northern Ireland's major Protestant and Catholic parties, open face-to-face relations after four decades of conflict and announce a stunning deal to create a power-sharing administration.
2008 - Australia's food bowl to come under Commonwealth control for the first time in history after Victoria ends its resistance to a $10 billion Murray-Darling rescue plan.
2011 - NSW goes to the polls in a state election resoundingly won by the coalition, with Labor losing 30 of 50 seats held in the 93-member parliament.
2013 - US TV host Ellen DeGeneris meets and greets crowds in Melbourne.
2014 - Former Socceroo Harry Kewell announces his intention to retire from professional football.
2016 - Belgian prosecutors charge a man thought to be the fugitive third Brussels Airport bomber with terrorist murder.
2017 - Pauline Hanson's One Nation secures three seats in Western Australia's upper house, after failing to secure a single seat in the lower house.
2018 - Archaeologists open what they thought was an empty Egyptian coffin that had been stored at Sydney University for 150 years, only to find a 2500-year-old mummy inside.
2019 - The International Energy Agency reveals global carbon emissions reached a record high in 2018 due to increased demand for heating and cooling - despite a rapid uptake of renewable energy.
Robert Frost, US poet (1874-1963); Chips Rafferty, Australian actor (1909-1971); Tennessee Williams, US playwright (1911-1983); Leonard Nimoy, US actor (1931-2015); Erica Jong, US writer (1942-); Bob Woodward, US journalist (1943-); Diana Ross, US singer (1944-); Jon English, English-born Australian singer and actor, (1949-2016); Clive Palmer, Australian businessman and politician (1954-); Keira Knightley, English actress (1985-).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY
When elephants fight it is the grass that suffers. - Kikuyu proverb.