Today in History, 24/1

AAP and agencies
2019 - Adelaide reaches 46.6C, the South Australian capital's hottest day in 130 years

Highlights in history on this date:

1547 - Earl of Surrey, poet and cousin of Henry VIII's fifth wife Catherine Howard, is executed for treason.

1788 - French explorer Jean-Francois de Galaup, Comte de la Perouse, arrives at Botany Bay, about five days after the First Fleet.

1848 - James Marshall finds a gold nugget in the US state of California, touching off the Gold Rush.

1895 - Death of Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician, influential leader of the Conservative Party and father of Winston.

1907 - First Boy Scout troop is organised by Sir Robert Baden-Powell in England.

1924 - Petrograd is renamed Leningrad in honour of the founder of the Soviet Union.

1935 - The first beer in cans, Krueger Cream Ale, goes on sale in the US in Richmond, Virginia.

1959 - My Fair Lady, the musical based on George Bernard Shaw's play Pygmalion, makes its Australian debut at Her Majesty's Theatre, Melbourne.

1965 - Death of Sir Winston Churchill, Britain's World War II prime minister, aged 90.

1966 - Indira Gandhi is sworn in as Indian prime minister following the death of Sri Shastri.

1969 - General Franco declares martial law in Spain.

1972 - Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi is discovered on Guam, having spent 28 years hiding in the jungle thinking World War II was still going on.

1978 - A nuclear-powered Soviet satellite plunges through earth's atmosphere and disintegrates, scattering radioactive debris over northern Canada.

1983 - In Italy, 32 Red Brigade members are jailed for acts of terrorism, including the murder of former prime minister Aldo Moro.

1989 - Serial killer Theodore Bundy is put to death in Florida's electric chair for the 1978 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old Kimberly Leach.

1999 - Olympic leaders recommend the expulsions of six members of the International Olympic Committee in an unprecedented response to the biggest corruption scandal in the Games' history.

2001 - Two Chinese doctors testify at a trial in Tokyo that Japan's military dumped swarms of infected fleas on China that triggered outbreaks of bubonic plague in the 1940s.

2004 - NASA's Opportunity rover arrives safely on Mars and within four hours sends pictures back to Earth.

2006 - Egyptologists discover a 3400-year-old statue of Queen Ti, wife of Amenhotep III and grandmother of Tutankhamun, at an ancient temple in Luxor.

2011 - Lara Giddings is sworn in as Tasmania's first female premier at a meeting of the parliamentary Labor Party in Hobart.

2013 - US Defence Secretary Leon Panetta announces a military ban on women serving on the frontline will be lifted.

2014 - America's financial watchdog slaps a five-year securities-industry ban on Australian analyst Trent Martin for his lead role in a 2009 insider-trading scandal involving IBM.

2017 - La La Land scores 14 nominations at the Academy Awards, a record-tying number of nods for a film.

2018 - The US-led coalition against Islamic State kills up to 150 militants in air strikes on a headquarters in Deir ez-Zor Governorate, Syria.

2019 - Adelaide reaches 46.6C, the South Australian capital's hottest day in 130 years.

Today's Birthdays:

Hadrian, Roman Emperor, born Publius Aelius Hadrianus (76-138); Ethel Sibyl Turner, English-born author of Seven Little Australians (1872-1958); Neil Diamond, US singer (1941-); Sharon Tate, US actress (1943-1969); Helen Morse, Australian actress (1946-); Warren Zevon, US singer (1947-2003); Jenny Kee, Australian designer (1947-); John Belushi, American actor (1949-1982); Nastassja Kinski, German-born actress (1961-); Mischa Barton, US actress (1986-); Callan McAuliffe, Australian actor (1995-)

Thought For Today:

Honesty is the best policy, but he who acts on that principle is not an honest man. - Richard Whately, British theologian (1787-1863)