Today in History, 20/11

2018 - Socceroo Tim Cahill makes an emotional farewell to international football

Highlights in history on this date:

1616 - Cardinal Richelieu becomes France's minister of state for foreign affairs and war.

1695 - Bounty hunters kill rebel chieftain Zumbi, leader of the largest community of runaway slaves in the Americas, known as the Black Republic of Palmares.

1780 - Britain declares war on Holland.

1818 - Simon Bolivar formally declares Venezuela independent of Spain.

1873 - Rival cities Buda and Pest are united to form the capital of Hungary.

1901 - Second Hay-Pauncefoot Treaty provides for construction of Panama Canal by United States.

1910 - Revolution breaks out in Mexico, led by Francisco I.

1924 - Kurdish Revolt in Turkey is crushed.

1925 - Death of Queen Alexandra, widow of King Edward VII.

1929 - Spanish artist Salvador Dali has his first one-man show.

1941 - German General Erwin Rommel with his Afrika Korps checks an advance of British armour at the battle of Sidi Rezegh in WWII.

1945 - Accused Nazi World War II criminals go on trial in Nuremberg, Germany.

1947 - Britain's Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten at London's Westminster Abbey.

1962 - President John F Kennedy agrees to lift the American blockade of Cuba, ending the Cuban missile crisis.

1969 - The US Nixon administration announces a halt to residential use of the pesticide DDT as part of a total phase-out.

1974 - First crash of a Boeing 747 jumbo jet: a Lufthansa airliner crashes after take-off at Nairobi airport in Kenya, killing 59.

1975 - After nearly four decades of absolute rule, Spain's General Francisco Franco dies.

1980 - In China, Jiang Qing, widow of Mao Zedong, goes on trial on charges of treason.

1990 - Saddam Hussein orders another 250,000 Iraqi troops into Kuwait.

1992 - Fire sweeps through Queen Elizabeth's residence at Windsor Castle, causing extensive damage to its ancient fabric.

1993 - A Macedonian jetliner carrying 116 people crashes into mountain, with only one survivor.

1995 - BBC Television broadcasts an interview with Princess Diana, who admits being unfaithful to Prince Charles;

1996 - Flames roar through a high-rise in Hong Kong, killing 39 people and injuring at least 81.

2000 - Lawyers for Al Gore and George W Bush battle before the Florida Supreme Court over whether the presidential election recount should be allowed to continue.

2003 - Car bombs explode outside the British consulate and the offices of London-based bank HSBC in Istanbul, Turkey, killing 27 people and wounding nearly 450.

2008 - The UN Security Council votes unanimously to impose new sanctions aimed at reducing the arms flowing into Somalia.

2009 - Raging floods engulf northern England's picturesque Lake District following the heaviest rainfall ever recorded in Britain, killing a police officer and trapping dozens in their swamped homes.

2012 - The Church of England's governing body blocks a move to permit women to serve as bishops.

2015 - Jihadists kill 27 people in the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako, Mali, after holding 170 people hostage.

2016 - Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull snags the very last bilateral meeting with US President Barack Obama at APEC in Lima, Peru.

2017 - Steam comes out of the Australian housing market, with data showing Sydney auction rates have fallen around 20 per cent in one year.

2018 - Tim Cahill makes an emotional farewell to international football as the Socceroos beat Lebanon 3-0 in Sydney.

Today's Birthdays:

Francis Greenway, Australian convict-architect (1777-1837); Edwin Hubble, US astronomer (1889-1953); Robert F Kennedy, assassinated US senator and presidential candidate (1925-1968); Joe Biden, American vice president (1942-); Bo Derek, US actress (1956-); Drew Ginn, Australian rower (1974-); Dan Ilic, Australian presenter and comedian (1981-); Rhys Wakefield, Australian actor (1988-).

Thought For Today:

No man remains quite what he was when he recognises himself - Thomas Mann, German author (1875-1955).