Highlights in history on this date:
1535 - Argentine city of Buenos Aires is founded.
1709 - British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for five years. His story inspired Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe.
1808 - French force occupies Rome after Pope Pius VII refuses to recognise Kingdom of Naples and join alliance against Britain..
1899 - A conference of Australian premiers decides on the site of Australia's capital city, Canberra.
1971 - Idi Amin assumes power in Uganda following a coup that ousted President Milton Obote; Doug Anthony appointed federal leader of Australia's Country Party, succeeding Sir John McEwen.
1982 - Coroner Gerry Galwin commits Lindy Chamberlain to stand trial on charge of murdering her 10-week-old daughter Azaria, who disappeared at Ayers Rock, central Australia, in August 1980.
1984 - Medicare scheme formally adopted in Australia.
1992 - Serbian officials and a Serb leader agree to support a UN peace plan for Croatia.
1993 - Rebels fire rockets on besieged Afghan capital of Kabul, killing 72 people.
1995 - The leaders of Israel, Jordan, the PLO and Egypt sit down together for the first time in Cairo in an attempt to revive Israel's troubled accord with Palestinians.
2000 - The two Libyan defendants charged in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 that killed 270 people over Lockerbie, Scotland, plead innocent at a pre-trial hearing in a Scottish court.
2002 - Riots between ethnic Hausa and Yoruba rock Lagos, the commercial capital of Nigeria, killing 100 people and forcing thousands to flee.
2003 - A powerful explosion destroys a Nigerian bank and kills at least 33 people in Lagos, Nigeria's commercial capital. Rioting and looting break out as hundreds of people fight over cash from the wrecked bank.
2006 - Foreign aid workers and journalists start leaving the Gaza Strip after masked Palestinian gunmen, incensed by cartoons of the Prophet Mohammed in European newspapers, surround an EU office and threaten to attack Europeans.
2009 - Muammar Gaddafi of Libya is elected leader of the African Union; Justice Michael Kirby farewells Australia's High Court after 13 years on the bench.
2011 - Australian soldier Corporal Richard Edward Atkinson, 22, is killed by an Improvised Explosive Device and becomes the 22nd Australian to die in Afghanistan since the launch of operations about a decade earlier.
2014 - Thousands of protesters seeking to oust Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych hold one of their largest gatherings in Kiev's central square.
2015 - The United Nations raises the death toll from fighting in eastern Ukraine to more than 5350 people.
2016 - US airstrikes in eastern Afghanistan hit an ISIS radio station and kill 29 militants.
2017 - US President Donald Trump slams a refugee swap with Australia, calling it a "dumb deal" only hours after his first presidential phone call with prime minister Malcolm Turnbull ends abruptly.
2018 - Christine Forster and Virginia Flitcroft wed in Sydney, the most high-profile same-sex marriage in Australia to date.
2019 - A collapse of a building damaged by the war in Aleppo, Syria, kills 11 people.
Today's Birthdays: Farrah Fawcett, US actress-model (1947-2009); Christie Brinkley, US model (1954-); Fiona Wood, 2005 Australian of the Year (1958-); Eva Cassidy, US singer (1963-1996); Shakira, Colombian singer (1977-); Gerard Pique, Spanish football player (1987-).
Thought For Today:
"Truth has no special time of its own. Its hour is now - always." - Albert Schweitzer, German-born missionary and Nobel laureate (1875-1965).