Today in History, 14/2

AAP and agencies
2019 - Prince Philip will not face charges over a car crash that left two injured

Highlights in history on this date:

1540 - Holy Roman Emperor Charles V enters Ghent and executes leaders of revolt.

1663 - Canada becomes royal province of France.

1779 - British explorer James Cook and four marines from his ship, the Resolution, are killed in Hawaii after disputes with locals.

1796 - The Dutch surrender Ceylon - now Sri Lanka - to the British; freedom of worship is established in France.

1893 - Hawaii is annexed by treaty to United States.

1922 - Italian scientist Guglielmo Marconi begins the first regular radio broadcasting transmission from England.

1929 - Seven hoodlums, rivals of Al Capone's gang in Chicago, are murdered in the St Valentine's Day Massacre.

1943 - Soviet forces recapture Rostov from Germans in World War II.

1946 - A machine at the University of Pennsylvania takes seconds to do calculations that normally take hours. It was called ENIAC, or Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer.

1966 - Dollars and cents replace pounds, shillings and pence as Australia launches its decimal currency.

1972 - US trade restrictions against China are relaxed, putting China on same basis as the Soviet Union.

1988 - Three officers of Yasser Arafat's mainline group in the Palestine Liberation Organisation are killed in Cyprus when their booby-trapped car explodes.

1988 - Death of Austrian-US composer Frederick "Fritz" Loewe, who co-wrote musicals including My Fair Lady, Gigi and Brigadoon.

1989 - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini of Iran sentences British author Salman Rushdie to death for allegedly insulting Islam, sending him into hiding for years.

1991 - Several Latin American countries halt food imports from Peru, seeking to contain a cholera epidemic that kills 3000.

1998 - Milan Simic and Miroslav Tadic become the first Bosnian Serb suspects to turn themselves in voluntarily to the UN war crimes tribunal.

2002 - Researchers at the US Texas A&M University in College Station successfully clone a cat, the sixth species to be cloned.

2003 - The world's first cloned mammal, six-year-old Dolly the sheep, is given a lethal injection after developing signs of progressive lung disease.

2005 - Former Lebanese prime minister Rafiq Hariri and 13 other people are killed by a huge bomb as his motorcade drives through Beirut.

2006 - The oldest son of Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon is sentenced to nine months in prison for illegal fund-raising during his father's 1999 primary campaign.

2013 - South African model Reeva Steenkamp is shot dead at her Pretoria home. Her boyfriend Oscar Pistorius, double amputee and former Paralympic sprint runner, is later charged with her murder.

2015 - Australia-wide recall is announced of Nanna frozen mixed berries, linked to a Hepatitis A outbreak.

2016 - Almost five years after an earthquake devastated the New Zealand city of Christchurch, the region is shaken by a magnitude 5.7 earthquake that causes sand cliffs to collapse.

2017 - The body of an elderly German tourist is found in the Northern Territory's remote outback, a day after police located her husband's body.

2018 - The RSPCA releases shocking CCTV footage of a dog fighting for its life inside a garbage truck, west of Brisbane, as rubbish is crushed and more is piled on top.

2019 - The British Crown Prosecution Service announces Prince Philip will not face charges in connection with a car crash that left two injured earlier in the year.

Today's Birthdays:

Jack Benny, US comedian (1894-1975); Jimmy Hoffa, US union leader (1913-1975); Florence Henderson, US actor-singer (1934-2016); Carl Bernstein, US (Watergate) journalist (1944-); Gregory Hines, US actor-dancer (1946-2003); Teller, US magician and illusionist (1948-); Suze DeMarchi, Australian musician (1964-); Simon Pegg, English actor and comedian (1970-); Cadel Evans, Australian cyclist (1977-).

Thought For Today:

We are effectively destroying ourselves by violence masquerading as love - RD Laing, Scottish psychiatrist (1927-1989).