Highlights in history on this date:
1325 - Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire, is founded.
1639 - America's famous Harvard University is named for clergyman John Harvard.
1781 - Sir William Herschel discovers Uranus.
1852 - Familiar symbol of the United States, Uncle Sam, makes his debut as a cartoon character in the New York Lantern.
1881 - Russia's Tsar Alexander II is assassinated and succeeded by Alexander III.
1906 - Death of Susan B Anthony, pioneer and leader of the women's suffrage movement in the United States.
1943 - A plot to kill German leader Adolf Hitler ends in failure when a bomb planted by German officers on his plane fails to detonate.
1967 - Death of Sir Frank Worrell, West Indian cricket captain, who was knighted in 1964 for his contributions to the sport.
1969 - The Apollo 9 astronauts splash down, ending a mission that included the successful testing of the Lunar Module.
1972 - Australian soap opera Number 96 is broadcast for the first time. Network Ten has promised it will be the night "Australian television loses its virginity".
1974 - Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris is inaugurated.
1982 - Richard Court, who later becomes WA premier, wins his father Sir Charles Court's old seat of Nedlands in a West Australian state by-election.
1991 - Exxon Corporation agrees to pay a $US100 million fine and more than $US900 million in civil damages in the aftermath of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.
1993 - ALP led by Paul Keating defeats Liberal-National parties in a federal election upset attributed to the coalition's support of a Goods and Services Tax.
1996 - A gunman in Dunblane, Scotland, kills 16 children and a teacher before shooting himself.
1998 - Sydney businessman and Labor councillor Phuong Ngo is charged, along with two others, with the 1994 murder of NSW state Labor MP John Newman.
2001 - Afghanistan's ruling Taliban complete the destruction of two ancient statues of the Buddha in Bamiyan.
2011 - The estimated death toll from Japan's earthquake and tsunami climbs past 10,000 as authorities race to combat the threat of multiple nuclear reactor meltdowns.
2012 - Former News International executive Rebekah Brooks and her racehorse trainer husband Charlie are arrested in dawn raidsover the spreading UK phone-hacking scandal.
2013 - Jorge Mario Bergoglio, a Jesuit from Argentina, is elected pope, becoming the first pontiff from the Americas. He chooses the name Francis.
2014 - Brett Peter Cowan is found guilty of the 2003 abduction and murder of 13-year-old Sunshine Coast schoolboy Daniel Morcombe.
2015 - Cyclone Pam sweeps through Vanuatu, with winds reaching 250km/h, causing devastation and at least 16 deaths.
2017 - Australian woman Sara Connor is sentenced to four years jail over the death of a Bali police officer on Kuta Beach.
2016 - Experts at the World Science Festival in Brisbane say there may never be a cure for Alzheimer's disease, but say a preventative vaccine could be on the way.
2018 - The banking royal commission kicks off with a focus on car financing and dodgy home loans.
2019 - Perth man Arron Martin is convicted or murder after he shook his six-month-old baby and then threw her onto the ground because she would not stop crying. He is later sentenced to life in jail.
Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790); Mike Stoller, US songwriter (1933-2011); Neil Sedaka, US singer (1939-); George Negus, Australian journalist (1942-); Joe Bugner, Australian boxing champion (1950-); William H Macy, US actor (1950-); Mark Colvin, Australian journalist (1952-2017); Deborah Raffin, US actress (1953-2012); Dana Delany, US actress (1956-); Adam Clayton, Irish rock musician of U2 fame (1960-); Annabeth Gish, US actress (1971-); Emile Hirsch, American actor (1985-).
Thought For Today:
The history of the world is the verdict of the world. - Friedrich von Schiller, German author (1759-1805).