Perth doctors have demanded Julia Gillard phone Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono to urge action to stop the sale of deadly bootleg alcohol to Australian tourists, complaining the Government is not doing enough to prevent more deaths.
But Foreign Affairs Minister Bob Carr says the Government is doing what it can, warning that Indonesia is another country and Australian authorities have no power of investigation there.
Australian Medical Association WA president Richard Choong said the Prime Minister should "stand up and show leadership" after the death of Perth teenager Liam Davies from methanol poisoning.
"How many people need to die or be maimed before something is done? How many travellers need to be injured before both Australian and Indonesian authorities decide action is needed," Dr Choong said.
"It is time for real leadership on this issue and I call on the Prime Minister to work with the Indonesian President to ensure that this crime is investigated and ensure bar owners and bootleggers are held accountable for the use of methanol."
Dr Choong questioned how the bar where Mr Davies consumed the deadly drink could still be operating.
"This is a crime and the bar is a crime scene," he said.
"For no action to have been taken, as reported, demonstrates what a farce this is."
A spokesman for Senator Carr said if there was evidence the bar in question was serving adulterated drinks, then it should be closed.
"We urge Indonesian authorities to investigate the circumstances leading up to Mr Davies' death and take action against anyone found to have broken Indonesian law," the spokesman said.
He said the Australian consulate in Bali would review all recent files to see if any other information could be useful to Indonesian police.
"We are also seeking action on Indonesian enforcement of alcohol safety standards, to reduce the risk of drinks becoming adulterated with methanol," he said.
"We have no power to directly conduct our own investigation or to apply Australian law in this case.
"But we would seek a full and prompt investigation in Indonesia.
"And on behalf of all Australians, our thoughts are with the Davies family."
A spokesman for the Indonesian Embassy in Canberra urged Australians to report Bali bars they believed were breaking local laws.
"As in Australia, it is with the co-operation of the public and the consumers that Indonesian authorities can pinpoint and crack down on these perpetrators," the spokesman said.
"The Indonesian Government regrets this loss of life and hopes that the authorities can trace these perpetrators quickly so as not to cause another unnecessary death, whether Indonesian or expatriate.
"We do ask that tourists take care in choosing what to eat or drink, and to not let good times and drinking cloud your judgment on what you believe is safe or not."
A Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade spokeswoman said department officials had spoken to the police on Lombok and had made contact with local health authorities to register their concerns and arrange "urgent senior-level meetings".
"We need to work with authorities in Bali and Lombok to deal with this issue, which poses a risk to locals as well as Australian travellers," the spokeswoman said.