Europe is edging closer to recession, dragged down by the crippling debt problems of the 17-country euro bloc, official figures show.
Eurostat, the European Union's statistics agency, revealed that the economies of both the eurozone and the wider 27-country EU shrank by a quarterly rate of 0.2 per cent in the second quarter of the year.
In the first quarter, output for both regions was flat.
A recession is officially defined as two straight quarters of falling output.
Europe's stumbling economy is making it harder for other economies around the world to recover.
The region is the US's largest export customer and any fall-off in demand will hit order books - as well as President Barack Obama's election prospects.
"The big picture is that the economic growth required to bring the region's debt crisis to an end is still nowhere in sight," said Jonathan Loynes, chief European economist at Capital Economics.
The eurozone is grappling with sky-high debt levels and record unemployment.
Compared with the year before, the eurozone's economy is 0.4 per cent smaller.
Without Germany continuing to post solid levels of growth, the eurozone would officially be in recession.
Europe's largest economy grew by a quarterly rate of 0.3 per cent in the second quarter.
Though down on the 0.5 per cent recorded in the first quarter, the advance was a little more than expected - most economists thought Germany would only grow 0.2 per cent.
Though Germany benefits from strong demand for its products for the time being, its high-value exporters are finding it increasingly difficult to tap international markets.
Forward-looking surveys, including Tuesday's closely-monitored ZEW survey of German investor sentiment, are suggesting confidence is taking a knock as Europe moves from one crisis point to another.
The other 16 countries that use the euro are Germany's biggest export market and six of them are in recession.
The US is also coming off the boil, with growth in the second quarter down compared to the previous three months at 0.4 per cent, according to Eurostat.
Slower economic growth is also making it harder for governments and central banks to control the debt crisis in Europe.
Shrinking economies make it more difficult to get the public finances into shape.
Lower output dents tax revenues while forcing up the cost of social benefits.
Greece, Spain, Italy, Cyprus and Portugal are all in recession and all five are at the front-line of Europe's debt crisis.
Bailed out Ireland publishes its second-quarter figures soon.