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On her daily postie run Jenny Hillman has seen first-hand how the biggest dry spell since 1873 has affected her community
Her striking images capture before and after scenes of paddocks failing and waterholes drying up in Stanthorpe, 200km southwest of Brisbane.
“I haven’t experienced anything like this before,” she told Yahoo News Australia.
Stopping for a chat over the fence, Ms Hillman revealed she has witnessed the heartbreak of farmers seeing their dreams turn to dust.
With water reserves predicted to run dry by Christmas, the Queensland community is hanging on tight to the one thing they have – hope.
‘Nowhere else for them to go’
As Ms Hillman travels the area, locals such as Ballandean cattleman Warren Thomas share their stories with her.
“He just couldn’t get water for his cattle and most of them were in calf,” she said.
“So he was going to have to send them to market and he didn’t like that at all. He was really upset.”
Mr Thomas told Yahoo News Australia he had to sell his cows off at half their value, but with his dams running dry keeping them wasn’t an option.
“There’s nowhere else for them to go. Everyone is in the same situation as we are,” he said.
At home, his family are reliant on tank water, so his kids are restricted to short showers and there is little water left to wash clothing.
“Last year, we’d take washing to my mother in Stanthorpe, but now the town is on water restrictions too.
While the situation is dire, Mr Thomas isn’t one to wallow in self pity, instead he feels for the dairy farmers who are doing it tougher than him.
“They milked their cows in the morning, and sent them off to sale the next day for the meat works, because they couldn’t afford to keep them,” he said.
Older farmers consider their future
While generations of the region’s farmers have been through extreme weather situations, this drought is the worst in living memory.
Bernie Brosnan, the coordinator at Warwick Saleyards, told Yahoo News Australia conditions have forced some ageing farmers to sell off their whole herds.
“The average age of farmers is quite high, so something like this at this end of your life takes a high toll,” he said.
Mr Brosnan has seen a fifty per cent jump in cattle being auctioned, with drought-affected cattle fetching well below $250 a kilogram that healthy cattle sell for.
“Anything that’s in poor condition or drought condition, if they’re making 40 or 50 cents a kilo they’re probably doing very well,” he said.
Driest period since 1867
Blair Trewin, Senior Climatologist at the Bureau of Meteorology, told Yahoo News Australia Stanthorpe hadn’t experienced significant rain since December last year.
“There’s been 119mm of rain for the first six months of the year, which is only about one third of the long-term average,” he said.
While there were no “clear cut causes” for the dry spell, Mr Trewin said climate change was responsible for more rain in summer and less in winter across eastern Australia.
“Summer rainfall is generally not as effective as winter rainfall,” he said.
Farmers struggle through a stressful period
Vegetable farmer Chris Haynes is troubled that he cannot give his five permanent workers the job security they need to stay in town.
Even more pressing for the wider business community, would be if there were no fruit or vegetables to pick for the thousands of seasonal workers that migrate through the town during in summer.
Speaking to Yahoo News Australia, he expressed concerns about the mental toll the drought is having on his community.
“The frame of mind or the stress it puts on families would be massive,” he said.
“Farmers will put on a brave face and they’ll have a chat about it, but not go into the details about how much financial strain and personal pressure they’re under.”
He believes the key factor driving stress is not being able to plan for the future.
“Until those clouds open there’s too much uncertainty,” he said.
“We all like waking up and knowing we’re getting to a job.
“Want to do productive work, doing jobs that need doing but at the end of the day a lot of growers are in limbo.”
Hope remains despite the record-breaking drought
Despite the uncertainty, both Chris Haynes and Warren Thomas share in the optimism that the Stanthorpe region will pull through.
Mr Haynes, like other farmers in the area, has experienced his fair share of extreme weather.
“You can have a belter of a hailstorm and lose everything overnight so we are resilient to it,” he said.
Mr Thomas agrees, “Droughts have always broken before”.
Mr Haynes believes farmers in the Stanthorpe region have a particular resilience.
“Growers have had to rebuild overnight, so that probably puts the growers in a confident position to say we’ve done this before,” he said.
Solution has community “up in arms”
Many farmers are spooked by rumours that the local council is planning to spend $1 million on hauling in water to prop up the town’s water supply and pass a levy onto the community.
Ms Hillman said the proposal has got “ratepayers up in arms”.
A spokesperson for Southern Downs Regional Council assured Yahoo News Australia that they would only take this step as an “absolute last resort”.
A number of Stanthorpe residents see the long-term solution as being a large dam at Emu Swamp.
Some farmers have offered money to get the project off the ground, but by Mr Haynes’ reckoning, there has been talk about the dam for 20 to 25 years and ground has yet to be broken.
“You want to say to people when it rains we’ll be back on track. But, you can only keep that face on for so long,” he said.
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