Thousands of Syrians flocked to their embassy in Lebanon Thursday as expatriates and refugees kicked off voting for next week's presidential election which is expected to keep Bashar al-Assad in power.
Buses packed with Syrians jammed main roads leading to the embassy in Baabda, south of Beirut, where a sea of people had gathered from 5 am (0200 GMT) amid tight security.
Some of the vehicles carrying voters came under attack in several parts of the country by groups of young men who lobbed stones or pounded passengers with their fists.
A 54-year-old Syrian man died from a heart attack aboard one of the buses, the state-run National News Agency reported without providing additional details.
Outside the embassy, voters chanted slogans in support of Assad and carried portraits of the longtime president and his late father Hafez, an AFP correspondent reported.
Pictures of Assad's two little-known challengers were nowhere to be seen.
Mohammad al-Doummani, from the Damascus countryside, was among the first to vote.
"I voted for Bashar al-Asssad because I believe in his project," Doummani told AFP after casting his ballot.
"I have full faith in him and his ability to drag Syria out of crisis."
Dozens of Syrian embassies abroad, including those in Russia, Jordan and Kuwait, also opened their doors to eligible voters who are required to present a valid passport carrying an exit stamp from Syrian territory.
The requirement is an obstacle to millions of refugees who fled the country through unofficial channels.
Several countries that oppose Assad have blocked the vote altogether.
Polling inside Syria is set for next Wednesday.
- 'Go home' -
The election will be the second since civil war erupted in 2011. The conflict has killed more than 388,000 people and prompted more than half of Syria's pre-war population to flee their homes.
It will likely yield a win for Assad, who has held power for the past 21 years.
Outside the embassy in Lebanon, voters chanted: "God, Syria and Bashar."
Abdul Rahman, a 21-year-old from the northern province of Aleppo, said he too was voting for the longtime ruler.
"He did everything for us," said the man who has been living in Lebanon for five years.
"He gave us healthcare and education for free.
"Look at the difference between the situation in Lebanon and the situation in Syria."
Lebanon, which is grappling with an economic crisis, says it hosts some 1.5 million Syrians, including around one million registered as refugees with the United Nations.
The country of more than six million people has pressured refugees to return home but human rights groups still deem the country unsafe.
On social media networks, Lebanese users criticised Assad supporters heading to the ballot box.
"The Syrians that want to vote for Assad inside Lebanon are supporters of the regime ... so they should go ahead, pack their things and return to their land," one post said.
Videos circulating on social media networks also showed groups of men assaulting vehicles carrying Syrian voters with wooden rods and stones.
In one video, no fewer than six men surround a vehicle and kick through its windshield while beating up passengers inside.