A Sydney man who attempted to fly to Bangladesh with the intention of carrying out a terrorist act on their government appeared elated with his jail sentence of at least four years.
Nowroz Rayed Amin, 30, was jailed for a maximum term of five years and four months in the NSW Supreme Court on Monday by Justice Peter Garling.
He faced a lifetime in prison after pleading guilty to planning or preparing for a terrorist act between May 2015 and February 2016.
He also admitted attempting to export material that advocated for a terrorist act after he was found at Sydney Airport carrying a briefcase full of terrorism-related items.
But the judge found Amin's criminal conduct ceased at this point and that he had matured considerably since.
"I am satisfied he has reasonable prospects of rehabilitation and has abandoned or is well on his way to abandoning his extremist ideological views," Justice Garling said.
Amin was 24 when he carried to the airport mixed martial arts gloves, four pairs of camouflage pants, and storage devices containing at least 25 publications supporting terrorism, according to the facts of the case.
He was also in possession of an "anarchist cookbook" manual for explosive devices and bomb techniques.
He told officers that he possessed such material to dissuade his cousin from joining Islamic State forces but this was rejected and his passport was cancelled.
He was arrested in June 2018 following a search of his house where computers and other items were seized.
Amin had previously sent online messages in 2015 and 2016 about "cook(ing) some recipes" and "open(ing) a restaurant" "in Australia" - code for making bombs.
The Crown argued he intended to carry out terrorist acts in Australia as well, pointing to messages with extremists in Bangladesh in which it argued he used code words for making explosives locally.
But Amin said he only wanted to give the impression that he knew bomb-makers in Australia, and the judge accepted his account that he was solely focused on Bangladesh.
His lawyer earlier told the court he had became a "lost soul" in his teenage years as he experienced discrimination and violence after the September 11 terrorist attacks.
He had become angered by the treatment of conservative Muslims in Bangladesh, where his parents came from and discussed the issue on social media platforms.
He had sought retribution by attacking the Bangladesh government for the perceived injustices against Islam.
He later said in evidence that he had been "irrational and impatient to see change".
He "now realises violence is not the way ... and every life is valuable, killing one life is like killing the rest of humanity," he said.
The judge also pointed out that Amin had no clear plan in Bangladesh if he had arrived, no connection to a group and no clear way of arming himself.
After the judge adjourned the court Amin was smiling widely and holding his head in disbelief before he jumped up and began pacing quickly, eventually dropping to the floor and praying.
He will first be eligible for release in June 2022.