Hundreds of Sudanese protesters took to the streets of major cities on Wednesday to demand the government's resignation over IMF-backed economic reforms seen as too harsh, AFP correspondents said.
"We want the fall of the regime" and "No to (IMF) policies", shouted demonstrators who massed outside the presidential palace in Khartoum.
The protests erupted a day after the International Monetary Fund approved a $2.5 billion loan and debt relief deal that will see Sudan's external debt reduced by some $50 billion.
Public discontent has mounted over the reforms that slashed subsidies on petrol and diesel, more than doubling their price.
The dozens who had gathered in Khartoum burned tyres and brandished banners that read "Bread for the poor", before they were dispersed by police who fired tear gas, an AFP correspondent reported.
In a statement later Wednesday, Sudan's interior ministry said 52 police officers were wounded in clashes with protesters in several parts of Khartoum.
Security forces also used tear gas against demonstrators who attempted to join the protests from Omdurman, the capital's twin city across the Nile.
In Kassala, in Sudan's east, dozens of protesters demanded justice for people killed in demonstrations that toppled autocratic president Omar al-Bashir in April 2019.
"Blood for blood, we will not accept compensation," some of them chanted.
Sudan has been led by a transitional civilian-military administration since August 2019.
The government has vowed to fix the country's economy, battered by decades of mismanagement, internal conflict and international sanctions under Bashir.
On Wednesday, Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok praised Sudan's people for their "patience" and "endurance".
"We are on the right track," the premier said in a televised speech after the IMF announcement of the debt relief deal.
Ahead of the protests, Sudanese authorities said they arrested 79 people suspected of links to Bashir's regime for allegedly planning violence.
Wednesday's demonstrations coincide with the anniversary of an Islamist-backed military coup which brought Bashir to power more than 30 years ago.