Space telescope's 'golden eye' opens

·2-min read

NASA's new space telescope has opened its huge gold-plated, flower-shaped mirror - the final step in the observatory's dramatic unfurling.

The last portion of the 6.5-metre-long mirror swung into place at flight controllers' command on Sunday, completing the unfolding of the James Webb Space Telescope.

"I'm emotional about it. What an amazing milestone. We see that beautiful pattern out there in the sky now," Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA's science missions chief, said.

More powerful than the Hubble Space Telescope, the $US10 billion ($A14 billion) Webb will scan the cosmos for light streaming from the first stars and galaxies formed 13.7 billion years ago.

To accomplish this, NASA had to outfit Webb with the biggest and most sensitive mirror ever launched -- its "golden eye," as scientists call it.

Webb is so big that it had to be folded origami-style to fit in the rocket that soared from South America two weeks ago.

The riskiest operation occurred earlier in the week, when the tennis court-size sunshield unfurled, providing sub-zero shade for the mirror and infrared detectors.

Flight controllers in Baltimore began opening the primary mirror on Friday, unfolding the left side like a drop-leaf table.

The mood was even more upbeat on Sunday, with peppy music filling the control room as the right side snapped into place.

After applauding, the controllers immediately got back to work, latching everything down.

This mirror is made of beryllium, a lightweight yet sturdy and cold-resistant metal.

Each of its 18 segments is coated with an ultra thin layer of gold, highly reflective of infrared light.

The hexagonal, coffee table-size segments must be adjusted in the days and weeks ahead so they can focus as one on the stars and galaxies that might hold atmospheric signs of life.

Webb should reach its destination 1.6 million kilometres away in another two weeks.

If all continues to go well, science observations will begin in the northern hemisphere summer.

Astronomers hope to peer back to within 100 million years of the universe-forming Big Bang, closer than Hubble has achieved.

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