Russia, China plan South Africa navy drill

Russia and China will conduct naval drills in the Indian Ocean off the coast of South Africa next month in another indication of their strengthening relationships with Africa's most developed country amid the war in Ukraine and global financial uncertainty.

The South African armed forces said on Thursday that they and the Russian and Chinese navies will engage in "a multinational maritime exercise" from February 17-27 off South Africa's east coast near the cities of Durban and Richards Bay.

The drills will happen around the one-year anniversary of Russia's invasion of Ukraine on February 24 and will bring more focus on the refusal of South Africa - a leading voice on its continent - to side with countries condemning Russia's actions.

The announcement also comes days before Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov is due to visit South Africa and hold talks with South African counterpart Naledi Pandor.

The South African government said last year that it had adopted a neutral stance over Ukraine and called for dialogue and diplomacy but the upcoming naval drills have led the country's main opposition party to accuse the government of effectively siding with Russia.

The South African government denies it has taken sides and has called for the end of the war in Ukraine.

But the South African National Defence Force, which incorporates all of its armed forces, said next month's naval exercise would "strengthen the already flourishing relations between South Africa, Russia and China".

The aim of the drills was "sharing operational skills and knowledge," the SANDF said.

The three countries also conducted a similar naval exercise in 2019 in Cape Town while Russia and China held joint naval drills in the East China Sea last month.

South Africa was one of several African countries that abstained in a United Nations vote last year condemning Russia's invasion.

The United States and the European Union had hoped that South Africa would support the international condemnation of Russia and act as a leader for other countries in Africa.

US President Joe Biden hosted South African President Cyril Ramaphosa at the White House in September, when a key talking point was their differences over the war in Ukraine.

US secretary of state Antony Blinken visited South Africa last year.

South Africa's relationship with Russia is largely because of the support the Soviet Union gave to Ramaphosa's now-ruling African National Congress party in its fight to bring down apartheid, the regime of repression against the country's black majority.

Apartheid ended in 1994 when the ANC won the first democratic elections in South Africa and Nelson Mandela became president.