Republican police reforms revealed

David Morgan

US Senate Republicans have unveiled a law enforcement reform bill as a rival to more sweeping Democratic legislation, as Congress seeks to curb racial discrimination and police abuses three weeks after the death of George Floyd.

Crafted by Senator Tim Scott, the chamber's only black Republican, the bill would use federal grant money to discourage the use of chokeholds and no-knock warrants and encourage the use of body cameras.

It takes a less aggressive approach than rival legislation backed by Democrats in the House of Representatives, which mandates legal and policy changes to rein in police misconduct.

Floyd's death in Minneapolis on May 25, after a policeman knelt on his neck for almost nine minutes, sparked weeks of widespread protests and fresh calls for reforms. Opinion polls show widespread support for policing reforms.

Scott has spoken out about his experiences with racial discrimination in the past and at times has criticised President Donald Trump on the issue.

At Wednesday's news conference, he said he had been pulled over by police seven times in one year - an experience shared by many African Americans.

"I was stopped this year, driving while black," Scott said. "And so this issue continues and that's why it's so important for us to say: 'We hear you, we're listening to your concerns.'"

"We're not a racist country. We deal with racism because there's racism in the country," he said.

Unlike the Democratic plan, Scott's bill would not allow victims of misconduct to sue police, ban police chokeholds outright or create new rules to restrict the use of lethal force.

Democrats said Scott's bill did not go far enough.

"It gives lip service to the problem. There's just no teeth in it. Literally what he is proposing would not save a life," Senator Kamala Harris, one of the chamber's two African-American Democrats, told reporters.

The House Judiciary Committee approved the Democratic bill by a 24-14 party-line vote late on Wednesday, clearing the way for a vote in the full Democratic-controlled chamber, possibly by July 4.

Both bills make lynching a federal crime, discourage the use of lethal force, promote the use of body cameras and seek better policing standards that prioritise methods for de-escalating confrontations with suspects.

The Republican-led Senate will debate Scott's bill next week, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said.

Trump on Tuesday signed an order that would steer federal money to police departments that agree to outside review and limit chokeholds.

Top Democrats and many civil-rights groups said it was inadequate.