Australian Federal Police investigated 82 criminal complaints during the election, including security threats against politicians.
Police set up a dedicated taskforce to protect politicians and political candidates in the lead up the federal election after heightened concerns over their safety.
The taskforce was focused on "electoral-related crime".
AFP Commissioner Reece Kershaw said the number of threats was unprecedented.
"We are more and more going to be required to protect our high office holders," he told parliamentarians.
Opposition home affairs spokeswoman Karen Andrews said additional resources should be allocated to protecting politicians if needed as "an attack on an elected representative is an attack on democracy".
"There is a growing awareness of the potential vulnerabilities of politicians as they meet with local communities and stakeholders," she told AAP.
"We need a continuous individual risk assessment of politicians and additional funding to the AFP to ensure the protection needs of all Australian MPs and senators."
Ms Andrews said updated security information was circulated to all parliamentarians when she was home affairs minister after a British parliamentarian was murdered.
She also backed the move to provide Deputy Prime Minister Richard Marles with a beefed up security detail after he was swarmed by a crowd at a community event and blocked from entering his car.
Police are also tracking cyber threats directed at parliamentarians and is conducting a review into how it can best assess future threats.