A task force head is shocked by the pervasive use of electoronic devices to extert coercive control over domestic violence victims in Queensland.
Former Court of Appeal president Margaret McMurdo says she hadn't realised how pervasive coercive control was until she was appointed to lead the state's Women's Safety and Justice Taskforce.
The panel will make recommendations on criminalising coercive control in October.
Ms McMurdo says she's learnt a lot about how electronic devices are used to control victims.
"Particularly through electronic devices and and tracking devices in cars, I hadn't realised it was nearly as widespread as it is," she told AAP.
"That was a bit of a shock to me."
Ms McMurdo has also learnt how coercive control wears down free will over time.
She believes it's a psychological aspect of domestic violence that the community doesn't fully understand.
"So many people good-hearted people will say that: 'Why do the women keep going back?'," Ms McMurdo said.
"And I think if once you explain it to them then they understand the situation that they're in, and how difficult it is to break that cycle, and then rebuild the victims confidence and their ability to make rational decisions in their best interest and in the best interests of their children."
A discussion paper released on Thursday includes 13 options for legislating against coercive control.
It notes creating a new standalone coercive control offence would likely require "significant funding" for community awareness and police training if it is to be successful.
Other options put forward are a state register of offenders who have been convicted of three or more domestic violence offences, or one serious indictable offence.
Courts could also be given the power to declare perpetrators as serial family violence offenders and be subjected to electronic monitoring if they are arrested in the future.
The report says controlling behaviour can already form the basis for protection orders, so more effective police and court enforcement could be an option.
Ms McMurdo stressed the task force was still taking submissions.
"We're not committed to any one option. Many of them could be put in place together as a raft of recommendations," she told AAP.
"It might be in the end after we've heard all the submissions that we recommend that further legislation isn't needed, it's best just to refine what we've got and, and better support what we've got.
"We might get submissions about some completely different ideas we haven't thought about that are brilliant, and make sense.
"So we're really considering everything in this stage, absolutely everything, and we haven't got any agenda or preconceived ideas. We're putting it all out there for discussion."
The panel due to hand down its final recommendations in October, with Ms McMurdo saying her focus is on effectively protecting victims rather than issues such as cost.
"We'll make the recommendations we think best in the interests of the Queensland community and then it's up to the government to determine if and how they will implement those recommendations," she told AAP.
"Obviously in deciding that they would have to look at costs, but I'm not really able to work that one out yet, and it's not my job to.
"It's my job to put forward the best possible recommendations and obviously costs will be a factor for the government in deciding which to implement, and whether to implement them at all."
1800 RESPECT (1800 737 732)
Lifeline 13 11 14