The Pakistani army says one of its soldiers has been killed in an exchange of fire with Indian troops in Kashmir.
The exchange occurred across the Line of Control (LoC), a de facto frontier that divides the Himalayan valley in parts each controlled by Pakistan and India but claimed by both in its entirety.
At least two women were injured in the exchange that lasted for several hours at multiple points, the army said in a statement.
Deadly border skirmishes have increased since the Indian government stripped the part of Kashmir it controls of a special autonomous status in August in a move that angered Pakistan.
Pakistan has reacted by downgrading diplomatic relations, suspending bilateral trade and cross-border transport services.
The Indian decision and a subsequent lockdown of the region has triggered fresh tensions between the rivals, who have fought three wars since they gained independence from Britain in 1947.