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North Korea test-fires cruise missiles from submarine

Nuclear-armed North Korea has test-fired two strategic cruise missiles from a submarine, state news agency KCNA says, as US-South Korea military drills begin.

"Strategic" is typically used to describe weapons that have nuclear capability.

KCNA said Sunday's launch confirmed the reliability of the system and tested the underwater offensive operations of submarine units that form part of North Korea's nuclear deterrent.

South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff said the military was on high alert and the country's intelligence agency was working with its US counterpart to analyse the specifics of the launch.

On Monday, South Korean and American troops were scheduled to begin 11 days of joint drills, dubbed Freedom Shield 23, which will be held on a scale not seen since 2017.

The drills will strengthen the allies' combined defensive posture, the two militaries have said, and will feature field exercises including amphibious landings.

North Korea has long bristled over drills it regards as a rehearsal for invasion.

It has conducted a record number of missile tests and drills in the past year in what it says is an effort to boost its nuclear deterrent and make more weapons fully operational.

The submarine launches aimed to show North Korea's determination to control a situation in which, KCNA said, "the US imperialists and the south Korean puppet forces are getting evermore undisguised in their anti-DPRK military manoeuvres".

DPRK stands for North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

KCNA said the strategic cruise missiles were fired from the 8.24 Yongung submarine in the water off the east coast of Korea in the early hours of Sunday.

The missiles travelled some 1500 kilometres before hitting a target in the sea, the KCNA report said.

North Korea has a large submarine fleet but the 8.24 Yongung (August 24th Hero) is its only known experimental ballistic missile submarine.

Analysts say it plays a critical role in the development of missiles, submarine technology and operational procedures, as well as the hands-on training of new submariners.

North Korea has said it is building an operational ballistic missile submarine.

While overseeing a short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) launching exercise on Thursday, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un ordered the military to intensify drills to deter and respond to a "real war" if necessary.

On Sunday state media reported that Kim led a ruling party meeting to discuss and decide on "important, practical measures" to boost the country's war deterrence in the midst of stepped-up actions by the US and South Korea.

The report did not provide specifics on the measures.