Brussels (AFP) - Medical aid group Doctors Without Borders on Friday said it would no longer take funds from the EU in protest at its "shameful" policies on the migration crisis, including a deal with Turkey.
The charity, widely known by its French acronym MSF (Medecins Sans Frontieres), received 56 million euros ($63 million) from European Union institutions and the 28 member states last year.
"MSF announces today that we will no longer take funds from the EU and its member states in protest at their shameful deterrence policies and their intensification of efforts to push people and their suffering back from European shores," the group said in a statement.
The Nobel Peace Prize-winning MSF singled out the EU's deal with Turkey in March to stem the biggest flow of migrants into the continent since World War II, many of them from war-torn Syria.
"This is really about Europe's refugee shame," Jerome Oberreit, international secretary general of MSF, told a press conference in Brussels.
He accused member states of a "shameful European response focused on deterrence rather than providing people with the assistance and protection they need."
"The EU-Turkey deal goes one step further and has placed the very concept of 'refugee' and the protection it offers in danger," Oberreit added.
- 'Courageous and principled stand' -
MSF has been heavily involved in caring for migrants in locations including the Greek island of Lesbos and the French port of Calais, as well as operating a boat called the Argos which saves lives in the Mediterranean.
Under the Turkey deal, Ankara agreed to take back all migrants and refugees landing in the Greek islands who did not apply for asylum, and to crack down on people smuggling across the Aegean Sea.
In exchange, the EU said it would resettle one Syrian refugee from camps in Turkey for every Syrian that Ankara takes back from Greece.
Turkey was meanwhile offered visa-free access, increased aid and speeded up EU accession talks if it met certain conditions, one of which was changing its anti-terror laws.
MSF said 8,000 people including hundreds of unaccompanied minors had been left stranded in the Greek islands by the deal.
The European Commission, the executive arm of the 28-nation EU, said it "takes note" of the MSF decision, stressing that it affected only just over one percent of the Commission's 1.5 billion euro annual aid budget.
Commission spokesman Margaritis Schinas rejected criticism of the Turkey deal, saying: "The Commission prefers the interpretation of our 28 member states, of the Council of Europe and the United Nations, which are closer to our analysis of the deal rather than the one that the MSF did today."
Rights group Amnesty International hailed MSF's "courageous and principled stand".
- 'We cannot accept funding' -
MSF's Oberreit also criticised a proposal last week to make similar deals with African, Middle Eastern and South Asian countries.
He pointed out that potential partners included Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan and Afghanistan, "four of the top 10 refugee-generating countries."
"We cannot accept funding from the EU or the Member States while at the same time treating the victims of their polices. It's that simple," Oberreit added.
MSF said it received 19 million euros from EU institutions and 37 million euros from member states in 2015, amounting to eight percent of its funding.
It added that its activities are 90 percent privately funded.
"We are looking for other funding channels," MSF migration expert Aurelie Ponthieu told the press conference. "We are not cutting down programmes."
The charity said its medics had treated 200,000 men, women and children in the Mediterranean and in Europe in the last 18 months. It also received 6.8 million euros from Norway, which is not part of the EU.
Europe has struggled to deal with a wave of more than one million refugees and migrants fleeing war and poverty in Syria, the wider Middle East and Africa since the start of 2015.