Military service discharge for various servicemen categories during martial law

Demobilization - what terms of service are in force in March
Demobilization - what terms of service are in force in March

The issue of demobilization in Ukraine is becoming urgent for the soldiers who have been defending the country against the Russian invasion for over two years without any regular breaks.

Read also: Zelenskyy signs law on demobilization of conscripts

Currently, demobilization is not possible due to martial law, unless there are specific reasons for it, which are listed in Article 26 of the Law of Ukraine on Military Duty and Military Service.

A new bill No. 10449 on conscription proposes demobilization after 36 months of continuous military service, which is set to be considered by the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine’s Parliament) in March.

Demobilization 2024 – current terms of military service

According to the Law on Military Duty and Military Service, the term of service during martial law for privates, sergeants, petty officers, junior officers, senior officers and warrant officers is as follows:

Read also: Ukraine’s Defense Ministry comments on terms of service and demobilization in new mobilization bill

  • Up to 12 months - persons holding a master’s degree at the time of induction into regular military service

  • Up to 18 months - soldiers and sailors, sergeants and sergeant majors performing regular military service in the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military formations

  • Up to 36 months - contract servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine serving as privates, from 36 to 60 months - those serving as sergeants and sergeant majors

  • 24 to 60 months - citizens who have been assigned a primary military rank after completing a full course of the Reserve Officers’ Training Program or within the certification procedure for persons prior to the assignment of primary military ranks to Reserve Officers

  • 60 months - for servicemen who graduated from professional military colleges, higher military educational institutions, military educational units of higher educational institutions and who obtained a level of professional military education at the training for military service as sergeants and non-commissioned officers

  • 12 to 60 months for other citizens.

Demobilization of conscripts

During martial law, conscripts remain in service until:

  • The end of martial law

  • Demobilization

  • There are legal grounds for discharge.

As of Aug. 1, 2023, conscripts whose term of service has expired may be voluntarily mobilized and transferred to the status of mobilized persons with the corresponding rights, subordination, and order of service.

Read also: Ukrainian military plans for conditioned demobilization of long-term conscripts

On Feb. 26, 2024, President Volodymyr Zelenskyy signed the Law on Demobilization of Conscripts, which allows conscripts whose term of service expired during martial law and was extended beyond the established terms to be discharged from military service into the reserve.

The deferral from mobilization for such servicemen will be 12 months. Now Zelenskyy has to sign the relevant decree.

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Read the original article on The New Voice of Ukraine