Malaysia king to choose PM amid stalemate

Malaysia's King Al-Sultan Abdullah will pick the next prime minister soon but has not specified timing for his decision as the political crisis from an inconclusive election drags on for a third day.

Saturday's election resulted in an unprecedented hung parliament, with neither of the two main prime minister contenders - opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim and former premier Muhyiddin Yassin - winning the simple majority needed to form a government.

The election prolongs political instability in the Southeast Asian nation, which has had three prime ministers in as many years, and risks delays to policy decisions needed to galvanise an economic recovery.

The incumbent Barisan Nasional coalition said it would not support either candidate, a move that would prevent both Anwar and Muhyiddin from reaching a majority.

It is now up to the constitutional monarch, who plays a largely ceremonial role but can appoint whoever he believes will command a majority.

"Let me make a decision soon," the king told reporters outside the national palace on Tuesday.

He also asked Malaysians to accept any decision about the government formation.

The king had given political parties until 2pm on Tuesday to put together alliances needed for a majority.

The palace later said no MP had managed to get a simple majority to be appointed as the prime minister. It invited Anwar and Muhyiddin for an audience with the king at 4.30pm (1930 AEDT).

The uncertainty hit the Kuala Lumpur stock market, which fell for a second day on Tuesday.

Its electoral gains have also raised fears in multicultural Malaysia, which has significant ethnic Chinese and ethnic Indian minorities following other faiths. The PAS Islamist party has advocated for sharia law.

Malaysian police cautioned the country's social media users to refrain from posting "provocative" content on race and religion after the divisive election.

Anwar's progressive coalition and Muhyiddin's conservative Malay Muslim alliance, which includes the Islamist party, have both said they have majority support, though they did not identify their backers.

Anwar's coalition won the most seats in Saturday's election with 82, while Muhyiddin's bloc won 73. They need 112 to form a government.

Barisan won only 30 seats - its worst electoral performance - but was expected to play a pivotal role in deciding who forms the government as its support is needed for both Anwar and Muhyiddin to get to 112.

It is the decline of the once-dominant Barisan and its leading party, the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), that has ushered in a new uncertain phase in Malaysia.

Barisan led every government since independence from British colonial rule in 1957 until its first defeat in the 2018 election. It returned to power under Ismail Sabri Yaakob in 2021 after the collapse of two coalitions from infighting.

Corruption allegations, mostly related to the looting of billions of dollars from sovereign fund 1Malaysia Development Bhd, for which former prime minister Najib Razak was jailed this year, seriously wounded UMNO's image.