With just one day to go before England enters a second national coronavirus lockdown, people are once again being told to stay at home as much as possible.
During the first lockdown, that was imposed at the start of the March, the country was under tight restrictions that only allowed people out for a limited set of reasons.
Many of those restrictions will once again be in place – but the rules are slightly less stringent this time round, and the government has published 32 pages of regulations including 13 exceptions to the general stay-at-home message.
What are the exemptions?
Leaving home is necessary for certain purposes
There are many reasons given for being able to leave home, for which the government has labelled “certain purposes”.
These include shopping for yourself or others, for exercise, which you can take as many times a day as you wish, or to visit a place of worship.
Other reasons for leaving home that fall into this category include open air recreation, moving home or visiting others in your support bubble.
For work, voluntary services, education and training, etc
Working, where working from home is not possible, is permitted, while you can also leave your home for education or training, to access critical public services or to satisfy bail conditions.
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Elite athletes are allowed out to play sports, as well as parents of those athletes if the person is under 18.
Medical needs, etc
Attending medical appointments is allowed or to escape injury or harm (such as for people suffering domestic abuse). Going out to to donate blood or to visit someone from your household who is receiving treatment in hospital are also permitted.
Support and respite
Attending support meetings or providing respite care for a vulnerable person are listed as exemptions in the regulations.
Household members and close friends of someone who is believed to be dying are allowed to leave their homes to visit.
Funerals and grave visits
People in England will be allowed to go to funerals or visit graves to pay respects.
Marriage and civil partnerships
Weddings and civil partnership ceremonies are only allowed in “exceptional circumstances” but the regulations did not explicitly state what these are.
They say it is “reasonably necessary” for a person to leave or be outside their home to attend a marriage ceremony, a civil partnership ceremony or an alternative wedding ceremony.
Children can move between the homes of their parents if their parents are separated, which was the case during the first lockdown.
Childminders and nurseries will stay open and childcare bubbles, where for example a grandparent provides childcare while a parent works, will be able to continue.
Visiting a vet for treatment for pets or exercise with them is allowed under the new regulations for lockdown two.
If someone is on holiday at the start of lockdown, they will be allowed outside so that they can return home.
Close family or friends can visit people who are in prison during lockdown.
The regulations state people can be outside of their homes to return from a visit to other permitted purposes, including traveling back from a wedding.
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