Life of senator and ex-soldier Jim Molan


* Born in East Melbourne in 1950

* Joined the Australian Army after finishing school and graduated from RMC Duntroon in 1971.

* Rose to the rank of major-general, serving in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, East Timor, Malaysia, Germany, the United States and Iraq.

* Played a key role as chief of operations for coalition forces in Iraq, for which he was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross and the Legion of Merit by the Australian and US governments, respectively.

* He also received an Order of Australia for his service in Indonesia and East Timor, before retiring in 2008.

* Appointed by the Abbott coalition government as a special envoy in 2013 to launch Operation Sovereign Borders to tackle people smuggling.

* Entered the Senate in 2017 after Fiona Nash was disqualified by the High Court because of her dual British citizenship.

* Defeated at the 2019 election but chosen in November 2019 to fill a casual vacancy left by the retirement of Arthur Sinodinos.

* Elected to the Senate for NSW in 2022.

* Served as a volunteer firefighter and rescue helicopter pilot.

* Author of two books - Danger On Our Doorstep (about China's rise and military build-up) and Running the War in Iraq - and a regular commentator on security issues.

* He is survived by his wife Anne, daughters Sarah, Erin and Felicity, son Michael, and five grandchildren.