Labor has avoided a conference fight on contentious foreign policy issues including the Israel-Palestine conflict and China's treatment of ethnic minorities.
The federal opposition on Tuesday resolved an ALP government would recognise the right of Israel and Palestine to exist as two states within secure and recognised borders.
The party also called on the next Labor government to recognise Palestine as a state, replicating Labor's position before the last election.
Labor's foreign affairs spokeswoman Penny Wong said an Albanese government would take a principled approach to the conflict in the Middle East.
"It reflects our belief that Israelis and Palestinians deserve to prosper in peace behind secure and recognised borders," she told delegates at the special platform conference.
"A true friend of Israel is a true friend of the rights of Palestinians to statehood."
Senator Wong said internal debate had "for the most part" been mature on the issue.
Labor will also take a more muscular stance towards China's human rights abuses of the Muslim Uighur minority in Xinjiang.
Labor senator Kimberley Kitching said the weight of evidence out of China said there was no doubt about horrific crimes in the region.
"These atrocities include modern slavery, crimes against humanity and what various jurisdictions around the world have determined constitute genocide," she said.
A Labor government would stand up for human rights in China and work with the international community to hold China to account for its international commitments.
Senator Kitching said women were feeling the burden most heavily through forced sterilisations, systematic rape and torture in prison camps.
"The international community can no longer be idle in the face of this brutal oppression," she said.
"Condemning the abuse is not enough. So long as government fail to take meaningful action to hold those to account then these atrocities will continue."
The Victorian right faction senator - who is a member of the cross-party Wolverines group that speaks out against China - said history showed human rights abuses in one part of the world led to suffering elsewhere.
"If we accept the truism that the standard you walk past is the standard you accept, then we cannot accept what is happening in Xinjiang today. We must speak up. We must act."