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A 69-year-old Chilean woman wanted on kidnapping charges dating to Augusto Pinochet's military dictatorship in the 1970s faces extradition from Australia after a court closed her final appeal option.
Adriana Rivas had appealed to Australia's highest court after three Federal Court judges in November unanimously rejected her appeal against extradition to her homeland.
But the High Court issued a certificate on Monday saying her appeal application was deemed to have been abandoned because of unspecified procedural failings by her lawyer.
Rivas has waged a three-year battle against extradition on charges that she kidnapped seven people in 1976 and 1977, including Communist Party leader Victor Diaz and party member Reinalda Pereira, who was five months' pregnant.
Rivas was an assistant to Manuel Contreras, the head of the Dina secret police during Pinochet's dictatorship.
TimeRivas denies ever meeting the alleged victims, who have never been found.
The end of the court process opens the way for Australia's attorney general to take the final step of approving the extradition.
But the government has been in caretaker mode since an election was called on April 10.
The extradition decision will likely be made by whomever becomes attorney general after the May 21 election.
Attorney general Michaelia Cash's office said in a statement on Tuesday it would be inappropriate for her to comment on Rivas' case because "this process is yet to be finalised".
The attorney general must give reasonable time to consider any arguments against extradition that Rivas wants to make.
Chilean-born lawyer Adriana Navarro, a Sydney-based advocate for Pinochet's victims, said she suspects Rivas had hoped to delay the High Court process by getting an extension of time.
"Clearly, the families are not going to put up with that," she said.
Navarro said Rivas could potentially ask a court to review an attorney general's decision to send her back to Chile.
"She could only do that if she could prove that the reasons behind the attorney general's decision are not legally reasonable and that would be very hard to do," she said.
Rivas' lawyers argued she was not a Dina agent and her work was mundane.
Her tasks included collecting laundry, making coffee and translating, they said.
They also contended that the alleged victims were detained following arrests, not kidnapped, and that those actions were carried out by the state, not by an individual.
Rivas moved to Australia in 1978 and was detained in Chile during a visit to see family in 2006.
She was released after some months on probation and fled to Australia in 2009.
She lived quietly in Sydney's wealthy eastern suburbs, working as a part-time nanny and cleaner until her arrest in February 2019 on a Chilean supreme court extradition order.
She would become the first person to be extradited between Australia and Chile.